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Steam Turbine Report

Steam Turbine Report

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Published by champbhushan

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Published by: champbhushan on Aug 24, 2009
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07/12/2013

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Acknowledgement
Many lives & destinies are destroyed due to the lackof proper guidance, directions & opportunities. It is inthis respect I feel that I am in much better conditiontoday due to continuous process of motivation &focus provided by my parents & teachers in general. The process of completion of this training was atedious job & requires care & support at all stages. Iwould like to highlight the role played by individualstowards this. I am eternally grateful to BHEL, BHOPALfor providing us the opportunity & infrastructure tocomplete the training as a partial fulfillment of B.E.degree. I am very thankful to
Mr. A.K. NIMJE
,SR.DGM. of STE Deptt . For his kind support & faith inus. I would like to express my sincere thanks, withdeep sense of gratitude to my training officer
Mr.D.C.NIRMAL; Dy.Manager of STE Deptt.
fortheir keen interests my project. I also thankful to
Mr.P.K.GOYAL
&
Mr.AJAY KUMAR
& to all visible &invisible hands which helped us to complete thistraining with a feeling of success.
 
 
 
INDEX
1. Introduction2. History3. Types
4.
Steam Supply and ExhaustConditions5.Casing & Shaft Arrangement6.principle of Operation & design7.Turbine Efficiency8.Impulse Turbines9.Reaction Turbines10.Operation & Maintenance11.Speed Regulation12.Direct Drive13.Speed Reduction14.Working15.Steam Turbine Principle
16.
Impulse Blading
 
17.
Reaction Blading
18.
Rankine Cycle
INTRODUCTION
A steam turbine is a mechanical device that extractsthermal energyfrom pressurizedsteam, and converts it into rotary motion. Its modern manifestation was invented bySir Charles Parsonsin 1884. It has almost completely replacedthereciprocatingpistonsteam engine(invented by Thomas  Newcomenand greatly improved by James Watt) primarily because of its greater thermal efficiency and higherpower-to-weight ratio. Because the turbine generatesrotary  motion, it is particularly suited to be used to drive anelectrical generator – about 80% of all electricity generationin the world is by use of steam turbines. The steam turbine isa form of heat enginethat derives much of its improvementinthermodynamic efficiencythrough the use of multiplestages in the expansion of the steam, which results in acloser approach to the idealreversible process.History The first device that may be classified as a reaction steamturbine was little more than a toy, the classicAeolipile,described in the 1st century byHero of AlexandriainRoman  Egypt. A thousand years later, the first impact steam turbinewith practical applications was invented in 1551 by Taqi-al-DininOttoman Egypt, who described it as a prime mover for rotating aspit. Similarsmoke jackswere later described

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