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The Names and Attributes of Allaah Ibn Baaz

The Names and Attributes of Allaah Ibn Baaz

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Published by: Shadab Anjum on Aug 25, 2009
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09/09/2010

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The Names and Attributes of Allaah
 Shaikh `Abdul-`Aziz Bin BazThe Shaykh-hafidhahullaah-said: (1)From Eemaan (faith) in Allaah is to have eemaan in those of His Asmaa'ul-Husnaa(Beautiful names) and Sifaatul-Ulyaa (Lofty Attributes) that occur in His Great Book andthat have been affirmed by His trustworthy Messenger (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam)-without tahreef (distorting the wording or the meaning), tateel (divesting or denying theAttributes), takyeef(asking how) or tamtheel (resembling Allaah to any of His creation).Rather,it is obligatory to leave them as they came, without takyeef (asking how) or tamtheel (resembling Allaah to any of His creation). Along with this, it is also obligatoryto have eemaan in the meaning that Allaah-the Mighty and Majestic-has been describedwith, in a way which befits Him: without resembling Him to His creation in any of Hisattributes.Allaah-the Most High -says:"There is nothing like unto Him,and He is the All-Hearing,the All-seeing" (2)Allaah -the Mighty and Majestic -also says:"And do not put forward any similitudes for Allaah.Indeed,Allaah knows and you do notknow" (3)So this is the 'aqeedah (belief) of Ahlu-Sunah wal-Jammaaah from the Companions of theMessenger (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) and those who followed them in goodness. Thisis what has been recordeed also by Imaam Abul-Hasan al-Asharee (d.324H)(rah) in his book:"Al-Maqaalat 'an Ashaabul-Hadeeth wa Ahlus-Sunnah". This has also been stated by many others from the people of knowledge and eemaan.Imaam al-Awzaee (4) (rah) said:'I asked az-Zuhree and Makhool about the aayaat pertaining to the sifaat (Attributes of Allaah), so they said:Leave them as they are" (5)Al-Waleed ibn Muslim (rah) said:"I asked Maalik,al-Awzaee,Layth ibn Sad and Sufyaan ath-Thawree -(rah) about thereports related about the Attributes, so they all said: "Leave them as they are, withoutasking how" (6)
 
Al-Awzaeee (rah) said:"We - whilst the Tabioon were many - would say: Indeed Allaah -the Most perfect-isabove His throne,and we have eemaan in what is related to the Sunnah about theAttributes" (7)Rabee'ah ibn Abee 'Abdur-Rahmaan (8) (rah) said:"Al-Istiwaa (Allaah ascending) is not unknown , and how is not comprehendable, andfrom Allaah is the Message, upon the Messenger is to clearly convey it, and upon us is toaffirm it" (9)Imaam Maalik(rah)-said:"Al-Istiwaa is known,and how is unknwon,to have eemaan in it is obligatory and toquestion it is an innovation ". Then he said to the questioner: "I do not think except thatyou are an evil man". So he ordered him to be expelled (11)This has also been related about Ummul-Mumineen Umm Salamah (raa) (12)'Abdulaah ibn al-Mubaarak (13) (rah) said:"We know that our Lord-the Most Perfect - is above the heavens, above his Arsh (throne),seperate from His creation"(14)The words of the Scholars about this matter are very numerous indeed,and it is not possible to relate them all in such a short space. However, whosover further desires to beacquanted with this topic, then let him turn to the books by the Scholars of Sunnah aboutthis subject,such as the book: Kitaabus-Sunnah by 'Abdullaah the son of Imaam Ahmad(d.290H), Kitaabut-Tawheed by the great Imaam, Muhammad ibn Khuzaymah(d.311H),Kitaabus-Sunnah by Abdul-Qaasim al-Laalikaaee at-Tabaree(d.418H),a nd Kitaabus-Sunnah by Abu Bakr Ibn Abee -'Aasim (d.287H)Refer also the reply given by Shakykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) to the people of Hamah (entitled al-'Aqeedatul-Hamawiyyah), as it is a great reply, full of benefit. In ithe(rah)- has made clear the aqeedah of Ahlus-Sunnah, and has recorded many of thesayings of the scholars, as well as giving proofs from both the Sharee'ah and soundreasoning about the correctness of what Ahlus-Sunnah say,s howing also the futility of those who oppose them.Likewise,his book entitled al-'Aqeedatut-Tadmurriyah in which he established andexplained the aqeedah of Ahlus-Sunnah with both textual proofs and proofs from soundreasoning. In this treatise he has-for all those of understanding ,intending righteousnessand desiring to realise the truth - thoroughly refuted all opposition, by clarifying the truthand refuting the falsehood.
 
All those who oppose Ahlus-Sunnah in their aqeedah concerning Allahs names andattributes, have indeed fallen into opposing the textual evidences and sound reasoningalong with clearly contradicting all that Allah has affirmed or negated for Himself.So, Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah affirm for Allah -The Most Perfect -what He hasaffirmed for Himself in His Noble Book, or what has been affirmed for Him by HisMessenger Muhammad (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) in the authentic Sunnah. Affirmingwithout tamtheel (resemblance) and freeing Allaah - the Most Perfect - from anyresemblance to His creation, whilst also rejecting and being free from ta'teel. Sowhosoever holds fast to the truth which Allaah sent, humbling and accepting it, whilst being sincere to Allaah in the quest for it, then it is the way of Allah - the Most perfect -that He will grant such a person harmony with the truth and show them His clear evidences, as Allaah - the Most High - mentions:"Nay! We hurl truth against falsehood, so it destroys it: and behold, falsehood isvanquished.." (15)And Allaah-the Most High -said:"And no example or similitude do they bring, except We reveal to you the truth and the best explanation thereof..." (16)Al-Haafidh Ib Katheer(d.774H) (rah) explained in his famous tafseer - whilstcommenting upon the saying of Allaah - the Mighty and Majestic:"Indeed your Lord is He who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then Heascended (istiwaa) over the throne" (17)He explained this issue in a most beautiful manner, which I have quoted here in itsentirety,due to its great benefit.Ibn Katheer(rah) said:"The sayings of the people in this issue are very many. However,this is not the place toenter into a detailed discussion about it.Indeed,the path we travers in this issue is tofollow the way of the Salafus-Saalih( pious predecessors) such as: Maalik,al-Awzaee,ath-Thawree, Layth ibn Sad, ash-Shafiee, Ahmad, Ishaaqibn Raahaawaih, and other fromthe scholars of the Muslims - both past and present. And their way is: to recite them asthey are, without takyeef, tashbeeh, nor tateel. Indeed,Allaah does not resemble anythingof His creation in any way:"There is nothing like Him, He is all-Hearing, all-Seeing" (18)Rather,the matter is as the scholars-such as Nuaym ib Hammad al-Khuzaee(d.228H), theShaykh of al-Bukharee -said: "Whosoever makes tashbeeh (resemblance) of Allaah to Hiscreation, has committed kufr (disbelief), and whosoever denies what Allah has describedhimself with,has also commited kufr. Indeed, all that Allah has described Himself with, or 

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