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Chemistry Form 4 Chapter 9 Manufacture Substances in Industry

Chemistry Form 4 Chapter 9 Manufacture Substances in Industry

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Published by: chulan93 on Aug 25, 2009
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07/20/2013

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Name :
 Aizzul Najmi b Amir Hiszam
Class :
4 science 1
1
 
Understand the manufacture of sulphuric acid.Synthesise the manufacture of ammonia and its salts.Understand alloys.Evaluate the uses of synthetic polymer.Apply the uses of glass and ceramics.Evaluate the uses of composite materials.Appreciate various synthetic industrial materiala.
2
 
(H
4
SO
4
)
USES OF SULPHURIC ACID
1.
Sulphuric acid is used to produce chemical fertilizer such as ammonium sulphate and potassium sulphate, which are highly soluble in water and can be easily obsorbed by plant.
2.
Car batteries contain sulphuric acid which is used as the electrolyte.
3.
Sulphuric acid also used in the making of artificial silk-like fibres and rayon.
4.
Chemical like paints, dyes and drug use sulphuric acid as one of their component materials.
MANUFACTURE OF SULPHURIC ACID
1.
Sulphuric acid is manufactured in industry though
contact process
 
2.
The process contain
three stage
 
STAGE1:
 
 Production Of Sulphur Dioxide From Sulphur 
i.Combustion of sulphur or sulphide ores in the air produce sulphur dioxide SO
2
.S(s)+O
2
(g)
SO
2
(g) 
sulphur 
ii.sulphur dioxide is dried and purified.
STAGE2:
 
 Production Of Sulphur Trioxide From Sulphur Dioxide
 i.The purified sulphur dioxide SO
2
and excess air are passed over vanadium(V)oxide V
2
O
5
at controlled optimum condition optimum condition to produce sulphur trioxide SO
3
.2SO
2
(g)+O
2
(g) 2SO
3
(g)ii.The optimum used area)Temperature:450-500°C b)Pressure: 2-3 atmospheres3

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