) or Copepodcrustaceans in the case of
.Human filarial nematode worms have a complicated life cycle, which primarily consists of fivestages. After the male and female worm mate, the female gives birth to livemicrofilariaeby thethousands. The microfilariae are taken up by thevector insect (intermediate host) during a bloodmeal. In the intermediate host, the microfilariae molt and develop into 3rd stage (infective)larvae. Upon taking another blood meal the vector insect injects the infectious larvae into thedermis layer of our skin. After approximately one year the larvae molt through 2 more stages,maturing into to the adult worm.Individuals infected by filarial worms may be described as either "microfilaraemic" or "amicrofilaraemic," depending on whether or not microfilaria are found in their peripheral blood.Filariasis is diagnosed in microfilaraemic cases primarily through direct observation of microfilaria in the peripheral blood.
is diagnosed in amicrofilaraemic cases based on clinical observations and, in some cases, by finding a circulating antigen in the blood.
Classification and external resources