Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Embryology

Embryology

Ratings: (0)|Views: 10 |Likes:
Published by MedSchoolStuff
First Aid for the USMLE Step 1
2011 EXPRESS Workbook
First Aid for the USMLE Step 1
2011 EXPRESS Workbook

More info:

Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: MedSchoolStuff on Dec 10, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/09/2014

pdf

text

original

 
First Aid for the
® 
 USMLE Step 1 2011 EXPRESS workbook
page 31
Copyright © 2011 by MedIQ Learning, LLC All rights reserved
Embryology
1. At what time during embryonic development does organogenesis occur?
(p. 118)
 _____________ 2. During what week of development does the heart of an embryo begin to beat?
(p. 118)
 _________ 3. During embryonic development, when does implantation occur?
(p. 118)
 ____________________ 4. The alar plate is on the _______________ (dorsal/ventral) side of the neural tube, whereas the basal plate is on the _______________ (dorsal/ventral) side.
(p. 118)
 5. What are the functions of neurons derived from the alar and basal plates?
(p. 118 
) ___________  ______________________________________________________________________________ 6. During fetal development, bones generally are derived from the _______________ (ectoderm/ endoderm/mesoderm), except for bones of the skull, which arise from _______________.
(p. 119)
 7. An infant is born with vertebral defects, anal atresia, and limb defect. What other defects is this patient most likely to experience?
(p. 119)
 _____________________________________________ 8. A 2-week-old embryo is exposed to a teratogen; what is the likely effect on development?
(p. 120)
  ______________________________________________________________________________ 9. Match each teratogen with its most common effect(s).
(p. 120)
  _____ A. ACE inhibitors 1. Abnormal fetal development, fetal addiction  _____ B. Alcohol 2. Absence of digits, multiple anomalies  _____ C. Alkylating agents 3. Bone deformities, fetal hemorrhage, abortion  _____ D. Aminoglycosides 4. Caudal regression syndrome  _____ E. Cocaine 5. Cleft palate, cardiac abnormalities  _____ F. Diethylstilbestrol (DES) 6. CN VIII toxicity  _____ G. Folate antagonists 7. Congenital goiter or hypothyroidism  _____ H. Iodine (lack or excess) 8. Discolored teeth  _____ I. Lithium 9. Ebstein
s anomaly  _____ J. Maternal diabetes 10.
Flipper 
 limb  _____ K. Smoking (nicotine, CO) 11. Inhibited intestinal folate absorption  _____ L. Tetracyclines 12. Leading cause of birth defects in U.S.  _____ M. Thalidomide 13. Multiple anomalies  _____ N. Valproate 14. Neural tube defects  _____ O. Vitamin A excess 15. Preterm labor, placental problems  _____ P. Warfarin 16. Renal damage  _____ Q. X-rays, anticonvulsants 17. Vaginal clear cell carcinoma 10. What congenital abnormalities are associated with fetal alcohol syndrome?
(p. 120)
 ___________  ______________________________________________________________________________
Questions
 
page 32
First Aid for the
® 
 USMLE Step 1 2011 EXPRESS workbook 
 
Copyright © 2011 by MedIQ Learning, LLC All rights reserved
11. How many chorions and amniotic sacs do conjoined twins have?
(p. 121)
 ____________________ 12. If a zygote splits between day 3 and day 8, what type of twins will result?
(p. 121)
 ______________ 13. How many arteries and how many veins are contained in the umbilical cord?
(p. 122)
 ___________ 14. The umbilical arteries carry _______________ (oxygenated/deoxygenated) blood.
(p. 122)
 15. What structure connects the fetal bladder with the yolk sac?
(p. 122)
 ________________________ 16. What is the term for a fistula between the umbilicus and terminal ileum?
(p. 122)
 ______________ 17. In the embryonic heart, the right common cardinal vein and the right anterior cardinal vein jointly give rise to which vein in the adult?
(p. 123
) ___________________________________________ 18. Which two cardiac structures are created by migration of neural crest cells?
(p. 123
) __________  ______________________________________________________________________________ 19. Which embryonic shunt diverts oxygenated blood from the inferior vena cava into the left atrium?
(p. 125)
 ________________________________________________________________________ 20. Which embryonic shunt directs oxygenated blood around the hepatic circulation?
(p. 125)
 ______  ______________________________________________________________________________ 21. Which embryonic shunt bypasses the high-resistance pulmonary circulation?
(p. 125)
 _________  ______________________________________________________________________________ 22. What is the approximate oxygen saturation (%) of the blood returning from the placenta in the umbilical vein?
(p. 125)
 ___________________________________________________________ 23. Which drug can close the ductus arteriosus? Which drug can keep it open?
(p. 125)
 ___________  ______________________________________________________________________________ 24. What adult structure is derived from the cavity in the embryonic metencephalon and myelencephalon?
(p. 126 
) _________________________________________________________ 25. Neural tube defects are associated with low intake of what substance during pregnancy?
(p. 126)
  ______________________________________________________________________________ 26. Neural tube defects are associated with elevated levels of what substance in amniotic fluid and maternal serum?
(p. 126)
 __________________________________________________________ 27. In the fetus, failure of the bony spinal canal to close (without structural herniation) will result in what type of neural tube defect?
(p.126)
 __________________________________________________ 28. A _______________ is characterized by the meninges herniating through a spinal canal defect.
(p. 126)
 29. A _______________ is characterized by the meninges and spinal cord herniating though a spinal canal defect.
(p. 126)
 
 
First Aid for the
® 
 USMLE Step 1 2011 EXPRESS workbook
page 33
Copyright © 2011 by MedIQ Learning, LLC All rights reserved
30. What is the term for a malformation of the anterior neural tube that causes agenesis of the brain and calvarium?
(p. 127)
 ___________________________________________________________ 31. What happens to amniotic fluid if a fetus has anencephaly?
(p. 127)
 ________________________ 32. An infant has cyclopia. What other defects is this patient most likely to experience?
(p. 127)
 _____  ______________________________________________________________________________ 33. An MRI scan of the cervical spine of an infant shows an enlargement of the central canal of the spinal cord. What is the term for this lesion?
(p. 127)
 ____________________________________ 34. A patient presents with syringomyelia, thoracolumbar myelomeningocele, and hydrocephalus. What is the most likely diagnosis?
(p. 127)
 ____________________________________________ 35. What is the Dandy-Walker malformation?
(p. 127)
 ______________________________________ 36. A patient develops loss of pain and temperature sensation in the hands, but touch is intact. Where is the lesion most likely located?
(p. 127)
 ______________________________________________ 37. Fill in the chart below to identify which arteries are derived from which aortic arch derivatives.
(p. 127)
 
Aortic Arch Arteries
First aortic arch Second aortic arch Third aortic arch Fourth aortic arch Sixth aortic arch

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->