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Management Guru 5

Management Guru 5

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Published by Gabriel

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Published by: Gabriel on Aug 26, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/16/2012

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OBJECTIVES
At the end of this topic, you will be able to:
Enable learners to understand the lives, philosophies, ideas and contributions of HumanRelations Gurus and Thinkers.
Enable learners to assess and evaluate the importance and impact of those ideas inorganizations and society.
Enable learners to relate the ideas to other management gurus from other disciplines of knowledge.
Enable learners to apply the best and the most relevant concepts formulated bymanagement gurus and thinkers in behaviors and practices in daily lives.
ABSTRACT
Human Relations is a classical management approach that attempted to understand and explainhow human psychological and social processes interact with the formal aspects of the worksituation to influence performance.
 
3.1 INTRODUCTION
The human relations perspective recognized employees as individuals with concrete humanneeds, as parts of work groups, an as members of a larger society. The human relationsapproach to management made relationships between employees and supervisors the mostsalient aspect of management. The perspective explains how management knowledge of thepsychological and social processes of human behavior could result in improvements inproductivity and work satisfaction. Managers have to view their subordinates as assets to bedeveloped, not as nameless robots expected to follow orders blindly.Two key aspects of human relations approach are employee motivation and leadership style.Abraham Maslow, a psychologist who developed a theory of motivation based on hierarchy of needs. Besides Maslow, there are some other management gurus that contribute the theory of human relations, which include Mayo, Likert, McGregor, Owen, and McClelland.

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