7. What is transportation environment and who are the participants intransportation decisions?
Explain transportation infrastructure.
What are nodal points? What is their significance in transportationnetwork?
Explain how Selection of Carrier is done?11. How transportation policy is chalked out for a company?
Transportation is the most visible of all functions of logistics and highcontributor to logistics cost. We can see trucks, containers and wagonloads of material being moved from place to place as an activity directly associatedwith trade and business. We should also appreciate that this is an activity thatadds highest amount of cost to the activity of making inputs and outputsavailable to consumers. Transportation function moves the products to meetcustomer expectations at minimum cost.
Functions of transportation1. Product movement:What is moved?
Raw Material, Semi Finished items, WIP, Finished goods, packaging material,rejected material - movement is required up or down the supply chain.How is this done? What Resources are used?
Resources used by transportation:
Temporal - product is locked up during transit, hence inaccessible. We haveto spend a positive amount of time in transporting the material. Time is aresource [temporal resource] that is expended in transportation. During thetime the product is locked up costs are incurred in proportion to the time