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Projectiles,2D motion,mechanics revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor

# Projectiles,2D motion,mechanics revision notes from A-level Maths Tutor

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Looking at the horizontal & vertical velocity components and time of flight of a projectile,also calculation of maximum height,range and velocity of impact.
Looking at the horizontal & vertical velocity components and time of flight of a projectile,also calculation of maximum height,range and velocity of impact.

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12/13/2010

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2D Motion

Mechanics

topic notes

A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

2D Motion : Projectiles
Vertical & horizontal components of velocityWhen a particle is projected under gravity at a velocity u at an angle
θ
to thehorizontal(neglecting air resistance)it follows the curve of a parabola.The particle has an initial horizontal speed of ucos
θ
, which is unchanged throughout themotion.Vertically the particle has an initial speed of usin
θ
. It falls under gravity and is accelerateddownwards with an acceleration of
g
ms
-1
,where
g =
9.8 ms
-2
(approx.)Time of flightThe time of flight is calculated from the vertical component of the velocity. It is the time ittakes for the particle to go up, reach its maximum height and come down again. So this istwice the time to maximum height.If the time to maximum height is t secs. Then the time of flight is 2t.Consider motion up to maximum height. This is attained when the final velocity v = 0.
A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

2D Motion

Mechanics

topic notes

A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

Maximum height attained (H)The maximum height attained occurs when the particle is momentarily stationary, beforefalling under gravity. The vertical component of speed is zero at this point(v=0).Range(R)The range is simply the horizontal component of speed multiplied by the time of flight.
A-level Maths Tutor www.a-levelmathstutor.com info@a-levelmathstutor.com

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