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Rr210403 Probability Theory Stochastic Process

Rr210403 Probability Theory Stochastic Process

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11/19/2010

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Code No: RR210403
Set No. 1
II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics &Telematics)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) Explain why there must be a mistake in each of the following statementsi. If the probability that an ore contains Uranium is 0.28, the probabilitythat it does not contain Uranium is 0.62.ii. A Company is working on the construction of two shopping centers. Theprobability that the larger of the two shopping centers will be completedis 0.35 and the probability that both shopping centers will be completedon time is 0.42.iii. The probability that a student gets ‘A’ in a particular course is 0.32 andthe probability that he will get either an A or a B is 0.27. [2+3+3](b) A jar contains 52 badges numbered 1 to 52. Suppose that the numbers 1thro 13 are considered ‘lucky’. A sample of size 2 is drawn from the jar withreplacement. What is the probability thati. both badges drawn will be ‘lucky’?ii. Neither badge will be lucky?iii. Exactly one of the badges drawn will be luckyiv. at least one of the badges will be lucky.[4x2]2. (a) Let X and Y be jointly continuous random variable with joint p.d.f.
xy
(
x,y
) =
x
2
+
xy
30
x
1
,
0
y
2= 0
elsewhere
ﬁndi.
x
(x)ii.
y
(y)iii. are X and Y independent?iv.
x
(x
|
y)v.
y
(y
|
x)(b) Two independent random variables X and Y have the probability densityfunctions respectively)
x
(x) = xe
x
,
x
>
0;
Y
(y) = 1;0
y
11 of 2

Code No: RR210403
Set No. 1
= 0
otherwise
Calculate the probability distribution and density functions of the randomvariable Z = XY[10+6]3. (a) Find the density function whose characteristic function is exp (
−|
t
|
)(b) Let X be a continuous random variable with pdf f
X
(x) = 8
/
x
3
,x >
2
.Find E
[
]
where W
=
X/
3[8+8]4. (a) Explain the classiﬁcation of random processes with neat sketches.(b) The power spectral density of a stationary random process is given by
xx
(
̟
)= A
k < ̟ < k
= 0 otherwise.Find the auto correlation function.[8+8]5. (a) Derive the relation between PSDs of input and output random process of anLTI system.(b) X(t) is a stationary random process with zero mean and auto correlation
R
XX
(
τ
)
e
2
|
τ
|
is applied to a system of function
(
w
) =
1
jw
+2
Find meanand PSD of its output.[8+8]6. (a) What are the causes of thermal noise?(b) What are the causes of shot noise?[8+8]7. (a) What are the important parameters that determine the overall noise ﬁgure of a multistage ﬁltering?(b) Bring out the importance of Frii’s formula.[10+6]8. (a) Describe the channel capacity of a discrete channel.(b) Explain Shannon - Fano algorithm to develop a code to increase average in-formation per bit.[8+8]
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
2 of 2

Code No: RR210403
Set No. 2
II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics &Telematics)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) Explain what do you mean by the term “Random variable”? Give the classi-ﬁcation of random variables and explain with examples.(b) If the probability density of a random variable is given by:f(x) = xfor0
<
x
<
1= (2
x)for1
<
x
<
2Find the probabilities that a random variable having this probability densitywill take on a valuei. between 0.2 and 0.8.ii. between 0.6 and 1.2.[8+8]2. (a) Let X and Y be jointly continuous random variable with joint p.d.f.
xy
(
x,y
) =
x
2
+
xy
30
x
1
,
0
y
2= 0
elsewhere
ﬁndi.
x
(x)ii.
y
(y)iii. are X and Y independent?iv.
x
(x
|
y)v.
y
(y
|
x)(b) Two independent random variables X and Y have the probability densityfunctions respectively)
x
(x) = xe
x
,
x
>
0;
Y
(y) = 1;0
y
1= 0
otherwise
Calculate the probability distribution and density functions of the randomvariable Z = XY[10+6]3. (a) If the Random variable X has uniform distribution, ﬁnd its variance1 of 3