1. Vowed religious observances:
Bathing with holy ash (
), sleeping on holy ash, followingrestrictions (
), chanting, circumambulation are all vowed religious observances. In this context
has said, ‘One should bathe with holy ash thrice and sleep on it’. There are six types ofrestrictions (
hasit, gita, nrutya, hudukkar, namaskar and japa
means uttering ‘h h h h’ loudlymoving the neck and lips.
is singing the glory of Maheshvar’s attributes according to the norms ofclassical music. Co-ordinated hand and body movements embellished with facial expressions is
is creating a sound like the snorting of a bull by touching the tongue to the palate. Ritualsperformed after a bath such as partaking of food obtained by asking for alms, partaking of leftover food of thedeity, using dried flowers (
) from the idol worshipped as a blessed sacrament (
, etc. are complementary to the rituals of the first stage.
: Pretence of a man who is actually awake that he is asleep•
: Moving the parts of the body as if one has developed gaseous distension•
: Walking as if crippled•
: Indulging in sexual play imagining that one is sexually aroused by the sight of a lady•
: Performing actions worthy of criticism by others, like a man without any reasoning between rightand wrong (
: Speaking antagonistically and meaninglessly.
E. End of sorrow:
This is the intense reduction of sorrow. This itself is referred to as the ultimate of the fourpursuits (
) or the Final Liberation (
). As given above only after the destruction of thefive types of ignorance - knowledge of the Great Illusion, unrighteousness, purpose of divine energy,bondage with the Great Illusion (
) and being embodied (
) by performing
or observance ofregulations one acquires the Final Liberation in the form of intense reduction of sorrow. Surrendering to LordShiva wholeheartedly is also a remedy for Final Liberation. The belief behind it is that these types ofignorance are destroyed and the embodied soul attains the Final Liberation with the blessings of LordPashupati.