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Pashupat Sect

Pashupat Sect

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Published by Xynofob
Pashupat Sect

Sanatan Dharma, Hindu Texts, Religion
Pashupat Sect

Sanatan Dharma, Hindu Texts, Religion

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Published by: Xynofob on Aug 26, 2009
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05/17/2012

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What is the concept of Final Liberation as per thePashupat sect?
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Contents
1.
 º1.1
 
) 2.
,
 3. The
 
1.
Pashupat 
Lakulish is the founder of this sect. He established this sect in the 2
nd
century B.C.
1.1
Siddhant 
In the
Shaiva 
doctrine
pashu 
,
pash 
and
pati 
are considered the three basic classes (
trivarga 
). These alsoform the basis of the
Pashupat 
doctrine. Shankaracharya has given five doctrines, that is meanings of the
Pashupat 
sect. They are : 1. action (
karya 
), 2. cause (
pati 
), 3. spiritual discipline (yoga), 4. observance ofdirectives (
charya 
) and 5. end of sorrow.
A. Action:
All that which is devoid of energy of its own, that is dependent on another is an action. It is of thefollowing three types -
vidya 
,
kala 
and
pashu 
.
1.
Vidya 
:
This is an attitude of
pashu 
(the embodied soul). It is further classified as follows.
1/8 
 
Bodhasvabhava 
1. Manifest: The
vidya 
which permits realisation, which becomes manifest through the sense organs isreferred to as the subconscious mind (
chitta 
), because the manifestation or non-manifestation of an objectwhich materialises due to this energy imparting realisation is actually realised by the subconscious mind.2. Unmanifest
Abodhasvabhava 
:
This
vidya 
decides the regulations by which the embodied souls have to abide. Embodiedsouls try to behave righteously and avoid unrighteous behaviour due to these regulations.
2.
Kala 
(nescience):
This being within the control of divine consciousness is itself devoid of divineconsciousness.
Kala 
in the form of action:
Five elements such as the earth and five attributes such as the form have beenelucidated in
kala 
in the form of action.
Kala 
in the form of cause:
The thirteen types of
kalas 
in the form of cause are the five sense organs, fivemotor organs, intellect, ego and mind.
3.
Pashu 
(embodied soul):
The embodied soul which on evolvement always remains dependent on materialobjects is called an animal (
pashu 
). Becoming an animal means becoming dependent. Animals are furtherclassified as
sanjan 
(सांजन) and
niranjan 
(निरंजन).
Sanjan 
[(स +अंजन) darkness)] means full of ignorance and
niranjan 
means devoid of all ignorance. The formerignorant embodied soul is concerned with the body and
kalas 
while the latter which is pure is not.
B. Cause (the sustainer):
The principle which is responsible for creation, sustenance and dissolution andwhich bestows favours upon the world is called the cause. The sustainer is the one who possesses both theenergies of spiritual knowledge and action.
C. Spiritual discipline:
The spiritual practice which unites the soul and The Lord through the medium of thesubconscious mind is called yoga.
D. Observance of directives (विधि):
Righteous seekers refer to worldly transactions asobservance of directives or established customs. The types of observances are enlisted below.
2/8 
 
1. Vowed religious observances:
Bathing with holy ash (
bhasma 
), sleeping on holy ash, followingrestrictions (
upahar 
), chanting, circumambulation are all vowed religious observances. In this context
Bhagvan Lakulish 
has said, ‘One should bathe with holy ash thrice and sleep on it’. There are six types ofrestrictions (
upahar 
)
hasit, gita, nrutya, hudukkar, namaskar and japa 
.
Hasit 
means uttering ‘h h h h’ loudlymoving the neck and lips.
Gita 
is singing the glory of Maheshvar’s attributes according to the norms ofclassical music. Co-ordinated hand and body movements embellished with facial expressions is
nrutya 
(dance).
Hudukkar 
is creating a sound like the snorting of a bull by touching the tongue to the palate. Ritualsperformed after a bath such as partaking of food obtained by asking for alms, partaking of leftover food of thedeity, using dried flowers (
nirmalya 
) from the idol worshipped as a blessed sacrament (
prasad 
), donning
lingas 
, etc. are complementary to the rituals of the first stage.
2. Doors
 
Krathan 
: Pretence of a man who is actually awake that he is asleep
Spandan 
: Moving the parts of the body as if one has developed gaseous distension
Mandan 
: Walking as if crippled
Shrungaran 
: Indulging in sexual play imagining that one is sexually aroused by the sight of a lady
Avitkaran 
: Performing actions worthy of criticism by others, like a man without any reasoning between rightand wrong (
vivek 
)
Avitadbhashan 
: Speaking antagonistically and meaninglessly.
E. End of sorrow:
This is the intense reduction of sorrow. This itself is referred to as the ultimate of the fourpursuits (
parampurushartha 
) or the Final Liberation (
Moksha 
). As given above only after the destruction of thefive types of ignorance - knowledge of the Great Illusion, unrighteousness, purpose of divine energy,bondage with the Great Illusion (
Maya 
) and being embodied (
pashu 
) by performing
yoga 
or observance ofregulations one acquires the Final Liberation in the form of intense reduction of sorrow. Surrendering to LordShiva wholeheartedly is also a remedy for Final Liberation. The belief behind it is that these types ofignorance are destroyed and the embodied soul attains the Final Liberation with the blessings of LordPashupati.
Types
3/8 

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