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LECTIA 07 Articolele a-An Si The

LECTIA 07 Articolele a-An Si The

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Published by: Mihaela Inceu on Dec 12, 2013
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LECTIA 7ARTICOLELE A/AN SI THE
A. Forma – in engleza articolele au doua orme! ne"otarat
A
 #au
AN
 #i "otarat
THE
. Articolele #unt in$aria%ile #i nu au gen.&.
A
 #e olo#e#te in ata cu$inteleor cu #unet con#onantic' c"iar daca (rima litera e o $ocala.
AN
 #e olo#e#te in ata cu$intelor care ince( cu $ocala#au
h
mut. Am%ele #e (ot olo#i numai cu #u%#tanti$e numara%ile )
countable
* la #ingular!
a
dog
a
 com(uter 
a
+oman
a
uni$er#it, )#unet con#onantic*
a
"ou#e
an
"our )
h
 mut*
a
 %uilding
 a
Euro(ean )#unet con#onantic*
an
orange
an
actor 
an
idea
an
organization -.
THE
 #e olo#e#te in ata oricarui #u%#tanti$ numara%il )
countable
* #au nenumara%il )
uncountable
*' atat la #ingular cat #i la (lural!
the
dog
the
 dog#
the
com(uter 
the
 com(uter#
the
 atmo#("ere
the
 uni$er#itie#
the
 "ou#e
the
 oil
the
 egg#
the
 inomation. tilizare –
A
 #au
AN
.&.inaintea unui #u%#tanti$ (entru a ne reeri la ce$a #au cine$a (entru (rima data!I0$e recei$ed
a
 (o#tcard rom
a
 riend o mine in t"e S.Ater mont"# o #earc"ing' m, %rot"er ound
a
 1o%.T"e 2ac3#on# li$e in
a
 %ungalo+.-.(entru a e4(rima ce e#te ce$a #au cine$a' inclu#i$ #lu1%e #au (roe#ii!5, neig"%our i#
a
 #ociologi#t and "i# +ie i#
an
 arc"itect.2enn, doe#n0t eat meat6 #"e0#
a
$egetarian.T"ere i# a man at t"e door +"o #a,# "e i#
a
 detecti$e.T"at +a#
a
 3ind t"ing to #a,..du(a $er%ul %e #au alte $er%ele co(ulati$e' cand du(a ele urmeaza locutiuni  (re(ozitionala #au (ro(ozitii relati$e care oera mai multa inormatie de#(re cine$a #au ce$a!I read
an
 intere#ting article a%out (ollution in ,e#terda,0# (a(er.2ac30# #on i#
a
 talented arti#t.He #tudied la+ at ni$er#it, and %ecame
a
 1udge.I %oug"t
a
 (ainting t"at reminded me o m, c"ild"ood "ome.
 
2o"n Smit" +rote
an
 intere#ting article on Education in t"e 8Time#0 ,e#terda,.9.cu unele e4(re#ii numerice in#emnand :unu; #au #u e4(re#ii ale (retului' $itezei' ra(ortului #i cantitatii!
 A
 "undred gue#t# +ere in$ited.<etrol co#t# = &.>?
a
 litre in England.He0# craz, dri$ing at &@? 3ilometre#
an
 "our.ou mu#t ta3e t"i# medicine our time#
 a
 da, i ,ou +ant to get %etter.T"ere +a#
a
 great deal o noi#e coming orm t"e "ou#e ne4t door.>.cu #u%#tanti$e numara%ile la #ingular (entru a da deinitii' a ace airmatii generale' e4clamatii #au cand ne e4(rimam dorinte!
 A
 t"e#auru# i# a dictionar, o #,non,m#.
 A
 "ou#e %uilt o #tone i# #tronger t"an
a
 "ou#e %uilt o +ood.
 An
 a((le
a
da, 3ee(# t"e doctor a+a,. )(ro$er%*Bo+ B"at
a
 (rett, girl +al3ed %, 1u#t no+.I0d li3e
a
 nice cool gla## o %eer.C. tilizare –
THE
.&.inaintea unui #u%#tanti$ #ingular numara%il #au nenumara%il #au a unui #u%#tanti$  (lural numara%il (entru a ace o noua reerire la ce$a ce a o#t de1a #au la care #Da acut de1a aluzie!He +anted to go to t"e %an3 to c"ange #ome mone,' %ut all
the
 %an3# +ere on #tri3e.a$e "ad a na#t, accident +"en "e +a# ,oung. ou can #till #ee
the
 #car.o ,ou remem%er
the
 un +e "ad +"en +e +ere at #c"ool toget"er-.(entru a ace reerire la cine$a #au ce$a anume!
The
 American econom, i# #uering at t"e moment.
The
 (eo(le I +or3 +it" are $er, riendl,.I don0t li3e
the
 (re#ident o t"at com(an,..in ata unui #u%#tanti$ re(rezentand o anume (er#oana #au un lucru #au un gru( de  (er#oane #au lucruri!I don0t eel +ell. Can ,ou call
the
 doctor )G medicul (er#onal*
The
 3id# aren0t at "ome. )G (ro(rii tai co(ii*Can ,ou (a## me
the
 %utter' (lea#e )G untul de (e acea#ta ma#a*S"all I dri$e
the
 car )G acea#ta ma#ina*5aria Calla# #ang #o %eautiull, t"at
the
 audience t"re+ lo+er# onto
the
#tage. )G (u%licul care o urmarea a aruncat lori (e #cena (e care canta ea*9.cu reerire la ce$a unic in mod a%#olut!
The
 #un ri#e# in
the
 Ea#t and #et# in
 the
Be#t.T"e +eat"er at
the
 Nort" <ole i# $er, cold.
 
The
 <re#ident o
the
 nited State# $i#ited
the
 <o(e la#t 5a,.>.in ata ad1ecti$elor (entru a ace reerire la un anumit gru( #au cla#a de oameni. In ace#t caz N e#te ne$oie de #u%#tanti$!Onl,
the
 #trong #ur$i$e. )G oamenii (uternici in general*T"e ue#tion o
the
 unem(lo,ed came u( again.Ro%in Hood #tole rom
the
 ric" and ga$e to
the
 (oor..in ata unui #u%#tanti$ la #ingular (entru a #e reeri la un anume gru( de oameni' animale #au o%iecte!
The
 Indian ele("ant i# #maller t"an
the
 Arican ele("ant.
The
 dol("in i# #aid to %e a $er, intelligent animal.Henr, Ford in$ented
 the
automo%ile.
The
 cu#tomer i# al+a,# rig"t.7.inaintea unor #u%#tanti$e (ro(rii (entru a denumi zone geograice' nume de mari #i rauri' lanturi muntoa#e' gru(uri de in#ule' nume la (lural de tari #i de#erturi!
the
 5iddle Ea#t'
the
 Nort" o England'
the
 I$or, Coa#t
the
 Atlantic'
 the
5editerranean Sea'
the
 Engli#" C"annel'
the
 Ri$er T"ame#'
the
 Strait# o Ji%raltar 
the
Himala,a#'
the
 Al(#'
the
 Car(at"ian#
the
Ha+aiian I#land#'
the
Fal3land#
the
nited State# o America'
the
 Net"erland#'
the
 <"ili((ine#
the
Arizona e#ert'
the
 5o1a$e e#ert NOTA!
THE
nu #e olo#e#te cu nume de munti izolati.
 Ben Nevis
 i# t"e "ig"e#t mountain in Scotland. 
THE
nu #e olo#e#te cu nume de lacuri.
 Lake Superior, Lake Victoria, Lake Ontario
K.in ata numelor de in#truente muzicale!Rac"manino$ %egan to (la,
the
 (iano +"en "e +a# onl, 9 ,ear# old.
The
 guitar "a# al+a,# %een m, a$ourite in#trument.@.in ata unor ad1ecti$e – nationalitati cu reerire la oameni dintrDo anumita tara. Aici #e olo#e#te un $er% la (lural!
The
 S+i## "a$e decided not to 1oin t"e E.
The
 S(ani#" are doing $er, +ell in t"i# ,ear0# Ol,m(ic#. NOTA! In anumite cazuri' #e (ot olo#i numai #u%#tanti$e la (lural.
The
 Jerman
s
 +ere u(#et a%out lo#ing t"e BB II.
The
 American
s
 "o#ted t"e &@@9 Borld Foot%all C"am(ion#"i(. &?. inaintea ad1ecti$elor #u(erlati$e #i a numeralelor ordinale! Neil Arm#trong +a#
the
 ir#t man to +al3 on t"e moon.Laura i#
the
 mo#t %eautiul in m, cla##.

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