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Heartbeat Tutorial

Heartbeat Tutorial

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Published by Henry
Demonstration of how to implement Heartbeat 2 (high availability) on linux servers
Demonstration of how to implement Heartbeat 2 (high availability) on linux servers

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Published by: Henry on Aug 26, 2009
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10/12/2012

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Linux-HA tutorial - LinuxWorld San Francisco
2008 / 1
Linux-HA Release 2 Tutorial
Alan RobertsonProject Founder – Linux-HA projectalanr@unix.shIBM Systems & Technology Group
HA BLOG
: http://techthoughts.typepad.com/ 
Linux-HA tutorial - LinuxWorld San Francisco
2008 /
Tutorial Overview
HA PrinciplesInstalling Linux-HABasic Linux-HA configurationConfiguring Linux-HASample HA Configurations Testing ClustersAdvanced features
Linux-HA tutorial - LinuxWorld San Francisco
2008 /
Part I
General HA principlesArchitectural overview of Linux-HACompilation and installation of the Linux-HA("heartbeat") software
 
Linux-HA tutorial - LinuxWorld San Francisco
2008 /
What Is HA Clustering?
Putting together a group of computers whichtrust each other to provide a service evenwhen system components failWhen one machine goes down, others takeover its work This involves IP address takeover, servicetakeover, etc.New work comes to the “takeover” machineNot primarily designed for high-performance
Linux-HA tutorial - LinuxWorld San Francisco
2008 /
What Can HA Clustering Do For You?
It cannot achieve 100% availability
 
nothingcan.
HA Clustering designed to recover from single faultsIt can make your outages very short
From about a second to a few minutes
It is like a Magician's (Illusionist's) trick:
When it goes well, the hand is faster than the eyeWhen it goes not-so-well, it can be reasonably visible
A good HA clustering system adds a “9” to your baseavailability
99->99.9, 99.9->99.99, 99.99->99.999, etc.
Complexity is the enemy of reliability!
Linux-HA tutorial - LinuxWorld San Francisco
2008 /
High-Availability Workload Failover
 
Linux-HA tutorial - LinuxWorld San Francisco
2008 /
Comparison to Load Balancing
Primary goal of load balancing is increasedperformance across a symmetric set of servicesand servers – availability is secondaryPrimary goal of HA is keeping your servicesrunning through failures – performance issecondaryHA and Load balancing are complementary – youcan do either or bothLinux-HA can manage LVS load balancersLinux-HA provides a simple “poor man's” loadbalancer (ClusterIP)
Linux-HA tutorial - LinuxWorld San Francisco
2008 /
Lies, Damn Lies, and Statistics
Counting nines
99.9999% 30 sec99.999% 5 min99.99% 52 min99.9% 9 hr99% 3.5 day
Linux-HA tutorial - LinuxWorld San Francisco
2008 /
Barriers to HA systems
Hardware costsSoftware costsComplexityStandards

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