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Rr410805 Process Modelling Simulation

Rr410805 Process Modelling Simulation

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Published by Srinivasa Rao G

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Published by: Srinivasa Rao G on Jan 29, 2008
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04/23/2013

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Code No: RR410805
Set No. 1
IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007PROCESS MODELLING & SIMULATION(Chemical Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. Define the equations and notations for Dalton’s law, Raoult’s law and relativevolatility of an ideal vapour-liquid equilibrium system. [16]2. Write the component continuity equations for the following reactions taking placein a CSTR (continuous stirred-tank reactor):(a) Simultaneous reactions (first-order, isothermal)
A
k
1
B
A
k
2
C
(b) Reversible (first-order, isothermal)
A
k
1
k
2
B
State the assumptions made and explain the nomenclature used. [16]3. A first order irreversible exothermic reaction A
B occurs in a series of threeperfectly mixed CSTRs. Feed enters the first reactor and product leaves the thirdreactor. Derive the mass balance and component continuity equations consideringisothermal and constant holdups. Assume constant density for the system, whichis a binary mixture of A and B. [16]4. For a jacketed Batch reactor derive the equations for Heating and cooling phase.[16]5. Develop the dynamic modeling equations for ideal binary distillation column. [16]6. The height h of a liquid in a gravity flow tank and the liquid velocity v leavingthrough the outlet of the tank are given by the following equations.dv/dt = ph
qv
2
dh/dt = r
svwhere p,q,r and s are constants. Explain the procedure to solve these equations forv and h by fourth order Runge
Kutta method. [16]7. Develop a mathematical model for a simple gravity flow tank into which an incom-pressible liquid is pumped at a variable flow rate of 
o
(
m
3
/s) .This inflow rate canvary with time because of changes in operations upstream The height of the liquidin the vertical cylindrical is h (m) .The flow rate out of the tank is F (
m
3
/s).Discussthe Newton-Raphson algorithms for solving the modeled equations. [16]8. Discuss the general “Newton - Rapshan” algorithm to determine the bubble pointtemperature for a binary system of components 1 and 2. Assume the system isideal, Raoults and Daltons laws are applicable. [16]1 of 2
 
Code No: RR410805
Set No. 1
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
2 of 2
 
Code No: RR410805
Set No. 2
IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007PROCESS MODELLING & SIMULATION(Chemical Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. Write(a) Total continuity equation (mass balance)(b) Component continuity equation (component balance) and(c) Energy equation. Explain the notation scheme used and state the assumptionsmade clearly. [16]2. Write the component continuity equations for the following reactions taking placein a CSTR (continuous stirred-tank reactor):(a) Simultaneous reactions (first-order, isothermal)
A
k
1
B
A
k
2
C
(b) Reversible (first-order, isothermal)
A
k
1
k
2
B
State the assumptions made and explain the nomenclature used. [16]3. A mixture of two immiscible liquids is fed into a decanter. The heavier liquid
α
settles to the bottom of the tank. The lighter liquid
β 
forms a layer on the top.The two interfaces are detected by floats and are controlled by manipulating thetwo flows F
α
and F
β 
.F
α
= K
α
h
α
F
β 
= K
β 
( h
α
+ h
β 
)The controllers increase or decrease the flows as the levels rise or fall. The totalfeed rate is F
O
. The weight fraction of liquid
α
in the feed is x
α
. The two densities
ρ
α
and
ρ
β 
are constant. Write the equations describing the dynamic behavior of this system as shown in the (figure1).[16]4. Explain the steady state model and thermal equilibrium model for LPG vaporiserwith a neat diagram. [16]5. Develop the dynamic modeling equations for ideal binary distillation column. [16]6. Explain the following convergence methods(a) False Position1 of 2

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