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Rr412112 Approximate Methods in Structural Mechanics

# Rr412112 Approximate Methods in Structural Mechanics

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04/24/2013

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Code No: RR412112
Set No. 1
IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007APPROXIMATE METHODS IN STRUCTURAL MECHANICS(Aeronautical Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
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1. Calculate by Rayleigh-Ritz method displacement at node 2 of a vertical bar of length ‘L’, supported at its upper end, due to its self weight of ‘w’ N/m of length.Comment on the validity of stress distribution based on this displacement ﬁeld. Asshown in gure 1 [16]Figure 1:2. (a) A solid circular shaft and a thin tube of the same material and same weightare subjected to twist. If max. stress in both is the same, what is the ratio of their strain energies ?(b) Neglecting strain energy due to axial deformation, calculate strain energy anddisplacements at D and J of the 2-cylinder crank shaft, with each segment of length L. As shown in gure 2 [6+10]Figure 2:3. (a) For a given column and speciﬁed axial load, which end conditions will resultin maximum Critical buckling load ?(b) Calculate the critical load for stable equilibrium of the combination of tworods AB and BC, connected with a spring as shown in ﬁgure 3. Assume Aand C remain along a vertical line. [6+10]1 of 3

Code No: RR412112
Set No. 1
Figure 3:4. (a) Distinguish between collocation method and Galerkin method.(b) Calculate the maximum deﬂection in a cantilever beam, subjected to udl of ‘w’ N/m over its length, by 1-term collocation method and 1-term Galerkinmethod. Compare the results.As shown in gure 4 [6+10]Figure 4:5. (a) Derive ﬁnite diﬀerence expression for d
3
y/dx
3
usingi. forward diﬀerences,ii. central diﬀerences andiii. backward dierences. [3 x 3](b) Calculate maximum deﬂection by ﬁnite diﬀerence method of a simply sup-ported beam of length L, subjected to a udl of w N/m, choosing four equaldivisions along the beam. Calculate percentage error, compared to the exactsolution.As shown in gure 5 [7]Figure 5:6. (a) Explain diﬀerent methods of applying boundary conditions in ﬁnite elementanalysis2 of 3

Code No: RR412112
Set No. 1
Figure 6:(b) Calculate displacements at nodes 2, 3 and 4 for the spring system shown inﬁgure6, when node 1 is ﬁxed and node 5 is given a displacement of 5mm.[6+10]7. (a) Stiﬀness matrices of four diﬀerent elements A, B, C and D are given by[
]
A
= 10
4
2
2
2 2
;[
]
B
= 10
4
3
3
3 3
;[
]
= 10
4
4
4
4 4
;[
]
D
=10
4
5
5
5 5
Assemble element stiﬀness matrices if the truss element connectivity isi. A (1-2) ; B (2-3) ; C (3-4) and D (4-1)ii. A (1-2) ; B (1-3) ; C (2-3) and D (3-4)iii. A (1-2) ; B (2-3) ; C (2-4) and D (3-4)Draw the truss conﬁgurations of the above three combinations.(b) If a truss has 2 members A (1-2) and B (2-3) whose stiﬀness matrices are givenby, [
]
A
= 10
4
2
2
2 2
;[
]
B
= 10
4
4
4
4 4
calculate nodal displacements for a load of 100 N applied at node 2 along thedirection 1-2. Assume nodes 1 and 3 are xed. [8+8]8. Calculate displacements and stress in a triangular plate, ﬁxed along edge AC andsubjected to concentrated loads at its end B. Assume E = 70,000 MPa, t = 10 mmand
ν
= 0.3.As shown in gure7 [16]Figure 7:
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