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Map Reading Made Easy

Map Reading Made Easy

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Published by Finmann
How to read topo and street maps
How to read topo and street maps

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Finmann on Aug 27, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/10/2010

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Map readingmade easy
 
 What is a map?
 A map is simply a plan o the ground on paper. The plan is usuallydrawn as the land would be seen rom directly above.
 A map will normally have the ollowing eatures:The names o important places and locations.Standard symbols to show the location o key landmarks and eatures.A key, or a legend, to explain what the symbols on the map mean.A scale and scale bar to allow you to measure distance on the map andconvert it to the actual distance on the land.A grid system o lines to allow you to pinpoint your location, orientateyour map to the land and quickly estimate distances.Contour lines to show relie (the height o the ground above sea level)and the steepness o the land.
 
Understanding your map
1. The basics
There are some basic eatures that most maps will include:
Roads
tendtobemarkedindierentcoloursdependingonthetypeoroaddepicted.Roadsonamaprangeromthickbluelines,showingmotorways,todashedlines,indicatinganunencedminorroad.
Footpaths
aremarkedonOrdnanceSurveymapsinvariouscolours.Ona1:25000scaleOSExplorerMapthepublicrightsofwayaremarkedingreenandona1:50000scaleOSLandrangerMaptheyaremarkedinmagenta.Therearevarioustypesofpublicrightsofwayandpublicaccess,sopleasecheckthemapkeyforfullinformation.Itisimportanttobeawarethatfootpathsthatareshowninblackarenotnecessarilypublicrightsofway.
Woods
areshowningreenwithaconierousornon-conieroustreeshapeprintedoverthetop.
Buildings
aremarkedbysmallblacksquares.However,someparticularbuildingshavetheirownspecialsymbols,suchaschurchesandwindmills. Anyothesebuildingscanbeuseullandmarks,helpingyoutocheckyourpositiononthemap.
Rivers and streams
areshownasbluelines.Thewidthothelineisrepresentativeothewatercoursewidth(ithewidthoariverismorethan8metresitisshownastwobluelineswithalightblueareabetween).Riversandstreamscanbeextremelyuseulindeterminingyourpositiononamap.
Scale
tellsyouhowmuchthelandhasbeenscaleddowntotonthepaper.Ithescaleoamapis1:50000theneverythingonthemapwillbe50000timessmallerthanitisinreality.
 Your Ordnance Survey map
willalsocontainotherfeaturesandinformationthatwillbeexplained,alongwiththefeaturesabove,inthekeyofthemap.

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