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Department of Labor: 3221 Concrete

Department of Labor: 3221 Concrete

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Published by: Department of Labor on Jan 29, 2008
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09/06/2012

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OSHA3221-12N 2004
 
WORKERSAFETYSERIESCONCRETEMANUFACTURING1
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Concrete Manufacturing
More than 250,000 people work in concretemanufacturing.Over 10 percent of those workers — 28,000 experienced a job-related injury or illness and42 died in just one year.Potential hazards for workers in concretemanufacturing:
s
Eye, skin and respiratory tract irritationfrom exposure to cement dust;
s
Inadequate safety guards on equipment;
s
Inadequate lockout/tagout systems onmachinery;
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Overexertion and awkward postures;
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Slips, trips and falls; and
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Chemical burns from wet concrete.
Hazards & Solutions
Manufacturing concrete can posehealth and safety risks for the worker.For concrete manufacturing, the 10OSHA standards most frequentlyincluded in the agency’s citationswere:1.Hazard communication2.Lockout/tagout3.Confined spaces4.Respiratory protection5.Guarding floor & wall openingsand holes6.Electrical wiring methods7.Noise exposure8.Forklifts9.Electrical systems design10.Machine guarding
Occupational Safety andHealth AdministrationOccupational Safety andHealth Administration
 
Occupational Safety andHealth AdministrationOccupational Safety andHealth Administration
Cement Dust
Hazard:
Exposure to cement dust can irritateeyes, nose, throat and the upper respiratorysystem. Skin contact may result in moderateirritation to thickening/cracking of skin tosevere skin damage from chemical burns.Silica exposure can lead to lung injuriesincluding silicosis and lung cancer.
Solutions:
Rinse eyes with water if they come intocontact with cement dust and consult aphysician.Use soap and water to wash off dust toavoid skin damage.Wear a P-, N- or R-95 respirator to minimizeinhalation of cement dust.Eat and drink only in dust-free areas toavoid ingesting cement dust.
Wet Concrete
Hazard:
Exposure to wet concrete can resultin skin irritation or even first-, second- orthird-degree chemical burns. Compoundssuch as hexavalent chromium may also beharmful.
Solutions:
Wear alkali-resistant gloves, coveralls withlong sleeves and full-length pants, water-proof boots and eye protection.Wash contaminated skin areas with cold,running water as soon as possible.Rinse eyes splashed with wet concrete withwater for at least 15 minutes and then go tothe hospital for further treatment.
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WORKERSAFETYSERIESCONCRETEMANUFACTURING
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