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Manual Redes

Manual Redes

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Published by nikoll1953

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Published by: nikoll1953 on Dec 13, 2013
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04/24/2015

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J MUÑOZ
REDES DE COMPUTADORESMANUAL DE PRÁCTICAS DE LABORATORIO
 
 
Copyright (c) 2008 Javier Muñoz Cano. Departamento de Electrónica, Automática e Informática Industrial. Escuela Universitaria de Ingeniería Técnica Industrial. Ronda de Valencia, 3. 28012 Madrid. Se concede permiso para copiar, distribuir o modificar cualquier parte de este manual siempre y cuando se cite la fuente y se envíe notificación por escrito al autor. ISBN-13: 978-84-691-4608-8
 
 1
TABLA DE CONTENIDOS
 
1.
 
Introducción.......................................................................................5
 
1.1
 
Sobre este manual..........................................................................5
 
1.2
 
Requisitos hardware y software del Laboratorio..............................6
 
1.3
 
Hardware del Laboratorio................................................................6
 
1.3.1
 
Ordenadores.........................................................................7
 
1.3.2
 
Cables de red........................................................................8
 
1.3.3
 
Switches..............................................................................10
 
1.3.4
 
Routers...............................................................................11
 
1.4
 
Software........................................................................................13
 
1.4.1
 
Sistema operativo Linux-Knoppix........................................13
 
1.4.2
 
Ejecución de comandos básicos en Linux..........................15
 
1.4.3
 
Configuración de las interfaces de red................................17
 
1.4.4
 
El sistema de ventanas de Knoppix....................................18
 
1.4.5
 
Wireshark............................................................................19
 
1.4.6
 
Sistema operativo CISCO IOS............................................20
 
2.
 
Red de área local LAN)..................................................................23
 
2.1
 
Introducción...................................................................................23
 
2.2
 
TCP/IP...........................................................................................24
 
2.3
 
Direcciones IP y DNS....................................................................25
 
2.4
 
Encapsulado y demultiplexado de protocolos. Puertos.................28
 
2.5
 
Protocolos.....................................................................................29
 
2.5.1
 
Ethernet..............................................................................29
 
2.5.2
 
 Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)....................................30
 
2.5.3
 
Internet Protocol (IP)...........................................................32
 
2.5.4
 
Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP)..........................35
 
2.6
 
Comandos.....................................................................................38
 
2.6.1
 
ifconfig.................................................................................38
 
2.6.2
 
ping.....................................................................................38
 
2.6.3
 
arp.......................................................................................39
 

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