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Hadith of the Twelver Successors

Hadith of the Twelver Successors

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Imamat, Shia, Sunni, Twelve Imams, Hadith of the Twelver Successors,
Imamat, Shia, Sunni, Twelve Imams, Hadith of the Twelver Successors,

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Published by: Shia Books For Download on Aug 27, 2009
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09/19/2010

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In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the MercifulIn this article, we are going to invite our Sunni brothers, through their own authentic sources, tothe Truth about wilayah of the Twelve Imams as.gif. Often, people do not read some of the mostimportant hadiths related to the "twelve successors" issue. Therefore, they have a badly woundedunderstanding of the hadith, and the entire concept in general.First and foremost, we would like to open the eyes of our brothers to a clear reality. Whosoeverdies without having giving ba'yah to an Imam dies the death of Jahiliyyah, i.e. as a kafir! Allah(swt) may forgive those who failed to recognize the Imam of their time out of innocent ignorance,but not anyone who has read this article. In that case, you would be deliberately opposing Allah(swt) and His Messenger pbuh.gif.Ibn Abu Asim in his book al-Sunnah, page 489 records this hadith:
ΔϴϠϫΎΟΔΘϴϣΕΎϣϡΎϣ·ϪϴϠϋβϴϟϭΕΎϣϦϣ
Whoever dies without having an Imam dies the death of Jahiliyyah.Shaykh al-Albani in his commentary on the hadith, writes:
ΕΎϘΛϪϟΎΟέϭϦδΣϩΩΎϨγ·
Its chain is Hasan and all of its narrators are Thiqah.
Imam Muslim has recorded this one in his Sahih, Kitab al-Imarah:
ΔϴϠϫΎΟϪΘϴϣΕΎϣΔόϴΑϪϘϨϋϲϓβϴϟϭΕΎϣϦϣ
Whoever dies without having on his neck bayah (to an Imam) dies the death of Jahiliyyah.
Lastly, Imam Ibn Hibban has recorded in his Sahih, Volume 7 page 49:
ΔϴϠϫΎΟΔΘϴϣΕΎϣϡΎϣ·ήϴϐΑΕΎϣϦϣ
Whoever dies without an Imam dies the death of Jahiliyyah.
The question is: do you have an Imam?Anyway, there are other hadiths here. Shaykh al-Albani in his al-Targheeb wa al-Tarheeb, Volume2, records this hadith:
ϚϟΫϞΜϣΎϘΣϢϜϴϠϋϢϬϟϭΎϘΣϢϜϴϠϋϲϟϥ·ζϳήϗϦϣΔϤ΋Ϸ΍
The Imams are from Quraysh. They have equal right over you as I do.
Al-Albani says:
΢ϴΤλ
It is sahih.
So, just as the Holy Prophet pbuh.gif has a right of unconditional obedience over us, these Imamsas.gif too have the same right! Now, this new fact makes things really more complicated for orSunni brothers. This is because, this hadith means that whosoever deliberately disobeys any ofthese Imams, of fails to recognize any of them, has committed kufr! It is like deliberately
 
disobeying Allah (swt) and His Messenger pbuh.gif, or failing to recognize them.Some people might claim that there is no Imam at this time! The problem with such assertion isthat it presupposes that the Holy Prophet pbuh.gif was uttering nonsense, placing an impossibletask over his Ummah. We all know that this is impossible. Rather, the Imams from Quraysh willrule the Ummah for all times, good or bad, till the Day of Resurrection. Shaykh al-Albani onceagain in his Kitab al-Sunnah 1110 records this hadith:
ΔϣΎϴϘϟ΍ϡϮϳϰϟ·ήθϟ΍ϭήϴΨϟ΍ϲϓαΎϨϟ΍Γϻϭζϳήϗ
The Quraysh will rule mankind, whether they are in good times or bad times, till the Day ofResurrection.Al-Albani says:
ϢϠδϣρήηϰϠϋ΢ϴΤλϩΩΎϨγ·
Its chain is sahih on the conditions of (Imam) Muslim.
Al-Albani in his Zilal al-Jannah, Volume 2, records:
ΔϋΎδϟ΍ϡΎϴϗϰϟ·ζϳήϗϲϓΔϓϼΨϟ΍
The khilafah (succession) will remain with Quraysh till Hour.Al-Albani states:
ΪϴΟϩΩΎϨγ·
Its chain is good.In his Silsilah al-Ahadith al-Sahihah 1/719, al-Albani records this hadith:[
ζϳήϗϦϣϢϬϠϛΔϔϴϠΧήθϋϲϨΛ΍ϰϟ·΍ΰϳΰϋήϣϷ΍΍άϫϝ΍ΰϳϻ>Ϣϫ΃ϭΎϧϦϣϰϠϋϥϭήμϨϳΎόϴϨϣ΍ΰϳΰϋήϣϷ΍΍άϫϝ΍ΰϳϻφϔϟϲϓϭζϳήϗϦϣϢϬϠϛΔϔϴϠΧήθϋϲϨΛ΍ϰϟ·ϪϴϠϋϪϨΑ΍ϭΪϤΣ΃ϭϢϠδϣϪΟήΧ΃ΎϨΛ΍ϡϮϘϳϰΘΣΎϴοΎϣήϣϷ΍΍άϫϝ΍ΰϳϻφϔϠΑϯήΧ΃ϱήσϪϟϭ ζϳήϗϦϣϢϬϠϛ΍ήϴϣ΃ήθϋ΢ϴΤλϩΩΎϨγ΍ϭΪϤΣ΃ϪΟήΧ΃
.
This affair shall not cease to be glorious up to twelve successors, every one of them being
from the Quraysh
. And in a narration
This affair will not cease to be glorious and
invincible, conquering anyone who opposes it, so long as twelve successors will rule overthem, every one of them coming from Quraysh". Muslim, Ahmad and the son of Ahmadhave narrated it. And in a narration: "The religion will continue to be established as long asthere are twelve commanders, everyone of them coming from the Quraysh
Ahmad has
narrated this, and its chain is sahih.
So, the number of Imams from Quraysh, that will rule mankind till the end of the world, is twelve.They are also the true "caliphs" (successors). As long as people allow them to have politicalpower and do not play hypocrisy against them, Islam will become invincible.There is also another aspect to it. In Sahih Muslim we read the following:
The affairs of the people will continue to be conducted as long as they are governed by twelve
men, he then added from Quraish
Sahih Muslim, Hadith number 4478 English translation by Abdul Hamid Siddiqui
 
 
This shows that as long as humans exist on this earth, one of the twelve Imams is certainlygoverning their affairs. This is a matter of Wilayat Takwiniyyah. There are two types ofgovernance in Islam: political and takwini. The true Imams are always exercising Takwini Authorityno matter what. However, they may be deprived of political power. But, if they were given politicalpower by Muslims, and none oppose their rule, Islam wopuld become glorious and invincible. Thefact that Muslims are backward is proof that they have abandoned these Imams.
Al-Albani too has recorded in his Miskhkat al-Masabih 4/576, No. 5:
ζϳήϗϦϣϢϬϠϛϼΟέήθϋΎϨΛ΍ϢϬϴϟϭΎϣΎϴοΎϣαΎϨϟ΍ήϣ΃ϝ΍ΰϳϻ
The affairs of the people will continue to be conducted as long as they are governed bytwelve men, he then added from QurayshAl-Albani comments:
ϪϴϠϋϖϔΘϣ
Agreed upon.
Al-Albani however cites a further hadith in his Silsilah al-Ahadith al-Sahihah 6/562 on how to dealwith these twelve successors:
άΟ΍ϮϨϟΎΑΎϬϴϠϋ΍ϮπϋϱΪόΑϦϴϳΪϬϤϟ΍ϦϳΪη΍ήϟ΍˯ΎϔϠΨϟ΍ΔϨγϭϲΘϨδΑϢϜϴϠόϓ΍ήϴΜϛΎϓϼΘΧ΍ϯήϳϱΪόΑϢϜϨϣζόϳϦϣ
Whoever lives after me will see a lot of differences (among Muslims in their religion).Therefore, hold onto my Sunnah and the sunnah of the divinely guided successors afterme. Hold onto them with fanaticism.
The hadith however dos not end there:
ϝϼοΔϋΪΑϞϛϭΔϋΪΑΔΛΪΤϣϞϛϥΈϓέϮϣϷ΍ΕΎΛΪΤϣϭϢϛΎϳ·ϭ
Beware of innovations (in the religion). This is because every innovation is a bid'ah, andevery bid'ah is misguidance.Al-Albani comments:
΢ϴΤλ
It is sahih.
This hadith shows that the Twelve Imams are divinely guided, and that their sunnah is also theSunnah of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh). They NEVER violate the true Sunnah of the Messengerof Allah (pbuh).Obviously, the picture is becoming clearer now. Explaining further on the status of these twelveImams, the Holy Prophet pbuh.gif said:
ΎϫϮϤϠόΗϻϭζϳήϗϦϣ΍ϮϤϠόΗϭΎϫϮϣΪϘΗϻϭΎθϳήϗ΍ϮϣΪϗ
The Quraysh leads and is never led. Also, learn from Quraysh and never (attempt to) teachthem.Sahih al-Jami' al-Sagheer, No. 4382
 

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