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The FILIPINO MIND_ President Ramon Magsaysay and President Carlos Garcia - On Two of Our Past Presidents, A Contrast

The FILIPINO MIND_ President Ramon Magsaysay and President Carlos Garcia - On Two of Our Past Presidents, A Contrast

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Published by Bert M Drona
I add that here Soliongco presented us a contrast of two presidents:
President Magsaysay as one who lacks a deep appreciation of what Filipino nationalism is all about and who do not understand the military (tunnel) mind. After my reading, I realize Magsaysay is our "poster boy" for using military men in civilian/government offices, it was not Pres. Marcos. This pattern has expanded in each subsequent presidents, even having one as President - Fidel Ramos. I remember during the Marcos Regime, one of my older cousins, a PMA graduate told me about the folly of having military men in civilian offices.
Conversely, President Garcia demonstrated his economic nationalism, understanding of neocolonialism even before this term became common knowledge. Note Garcia's independence of mind, that is, free from the influences of foreigners (American, Chinese), of the Catholic Church/hierarchy and the military establishment.

(President Roxas and President Quirino were earlier posted; other presidents to follow.)
I add that here Soliongco presented us a contrast of two presidents:
President Magsaysay as one who lacks a deep appreciation of what Filipino nationalism is all about and who do not understand the military (tunnel) mind. After my reading, I realize Magsaysay is our "poster boy" for using military men in civilian/government offices, it was not Pres. Marcos. This pattern has expanded in each subsequent presidents, even having one as President - Fidel Ramos. I remember during the Marcos Regime, one of my older cousins, a PMA graduate told me about the folly of having military men in civilian offices.
Conversely, President Garcia demonstrated his economic nationalism, understanding of neocolonialism even before this term became common knowledge. Note Garcia's independence of mind, that is, free from the influences of foreigners (American, Chinese), of the Catholic Church/hierarchy and the military establishment.

(President Roxas and President Quirino were earlier posted; other presidents to follow.)

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Published by: Bert M Drona on Dec 14, 2013
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Tuesday, December 10, 2013
President Ramon Magsaysay and President Carlos Garcia - OnTwo of Our Past Presidents, A Contrast
“ Salus populi suprema lex esto” ("The welfare of the people shall be the supreme law.") - Cicero"Without moral and intellectual INDEPENDENCE, there is no anchor for national INDEPENDENCE". - David Ben-Gurion(1886-1973, Polish-born Israeli Statesman, Prime Minister )
**********************************************************
NOTES: Colored, underlined words are HTML links. Click on them to see the linked posts/articles. Forwarding this and other posts to relatives and friends, especially those in the homeland, is greatly appreciated). To share, use all social media tools: email, blog, Google+, Tumblr,Twitter,Facebook, etc. THANKS!! Read on Scribd mobile apps: iPhone, iPad  and  Android . Free download as PDF, TXT or read online for free from Scribd, point-click to open-->SCRIBD/TheFilipinoMind 
**********************************************************
Hi All,In our search for understanding of the perennial predicament in our homeland, a visit tothe history of
how our past presidents led or, more aptly, ruled
 provides us somehistorical insights; that is,
allows us to discern patterns and trends
 that we of subsequent generations can identify as
permeating
our present so-called nationalleadership.The late I.P. Soliongco wrote a series of articles about our post-WW2 presidents fromthe years 1946 to 1971, the year of his death. His articles though dated are so alive andresonate in the thinking Filipino mind, given that
his critical analyses andobservations are so relevant, 60+ years ago today.
In his Introduction to Soliongco's articles about our post-WW2 presidents (from 1946 to1971), one of our great nationalist, the late 
Prof. Renato Constantino
 stated :
 " Soliongco's writings on post-war Philippine presidents are particularly enlightening because he always viewed them from the overall perspective of RP-US relations..." 
In below article, I. P. Soliongco provides us a critical analysis of both the Magsaysay andGarcia presidencies. As stated by Prof Constantino in his Introduction
: "...He (Soliongco)described the colonial mentality and policies of Roxas and Magsaysay were the most  pro-American of Filipino leaders... The Garcia administration was the first to try to
Click to checkout: Primary Blog Posts/Readings for my fellow, Native (Malay/Indio) Filipinos-in-the- 
 
Philippines
 
restrain the expansion of foreign interests in the economic sphere." 
I add that here
 
Soliongco
 presented us a contrast of two presidents:
President Magsaysay as one who lacks a deep appreciation of what Filipinonationalism is all about and who do not understand the military (tunnel) mind. After my reading, I realize
Magsaysay is our
"poster boy" 
 for usingmilitary men in civilian/government offices
, it was not Pres. Marcos. Thispattern has expanded in each subsequent presidents, even having one asPresident - Fidel Ramos. I remember during the Marcos Regime, one of myolder cousins, a PMA graduate told me about the folly of having military menin civilian offices.Conversely, President Garcia demonstrated his 
economic nationalism
,understanding of  
neocolonialism
even before this term became commonknowledge. Note
Garcia's independence of mind
, that is, free from theinfluences of foreigners (American, Chinese), of the CatholicChurch/hierarchy and the military establishment.(
President Roxas
 and
 President Quirino
 were earlier posted; other presidents tofollow.)*********************************
PRESIDENT RAMON MAGSAYSAY
The statement that President Magsaysay was supported
officially
 by the Americans inthe electoral campaign of 1953 is not something which can be proved as if it were ageometric proposition. But those who recall those days will not easily forget that fromthe time Mr. Magsaysay was appointed Secretary of National Defense --therecommendation for his appointment was hand-carried to president Quirino by Ambassador Myron Cowen-- to the day he met with that tragedy, he was literally undethe guidance, if not under the custody, of then
Col.Edward Lansdale.
 As Secretary of National Defense, Mr. Magsaysay took advice from the Colonel, and theColonel was by his side in the Camp Murphy office almost everyday. It was no secret atthe time that the campaign against the Huks were discussed by the two, and even in theharassment of newspapermen, Lansdale could justly be suspected of having a hand.
What would make the participation of the Americans hard to believe was the tacit
 
consent given to that participation by such advocates of nationalism such asRecto, Laurel and Tanada.
But one must remember that in 1953, the deterioration of the Liberal Administration wascomplete. Corruption was everywhere, and everywhere there was fear that the horriblefarce and fraudulence of the 1949 elections would be repeated with vast improvement intechnique and virulence. And in 1953, the only contender with President Quirino for the loyalty of the army wasthe Secretary of National Defense. The Nacionalistas argued that, with the armyneutralized, there was no chance for the incumbent to be re-elected.
And to them, hisre-election by foul means would be a prelude to violence.
Moreover, let us admit here that the nationalist elements among the Nacionalistas wereas desperate as the American revolutionaries at the time Washington was about tocross the Delaware. They would have welcomed any aid from any quarter, and the Americans were ready with their aid --and with Ramon Magsaysay.The decision to accept American intervention was made, as everybody knows, in thepresence of the highest officials of the American Embassy. The intervention wasaccompanied by goodwill and some unofficial cash --and Magsaysay won by the largestmajority garnered ever in the short history of the Republic.On the day President Quirino conceded, Magsaysay was a house guest of Mr. J. Antonio Araneta. From there he went directly to Malate Church where a Te Deum wassung. Later, he went straight to the grounds of the American Embassywhere
 Ambassador Raymond Spruance, Minister William de Lacey,
theubiquitous
Lansdale,
 and other American officials were lined up to meet him.The President-elect jumped from the Araneta cadillac straight into the arms of the Americans. He was taken to the yacht of the American embassy where he spent thewhole day and night. Mr. Araneta, who was also invited, declined and returned home.Two days later, the President-elect held a luncheon in the white house of
Mr. SenenGabaldon
 in the old Santa Mesa. The house had served as one of the many campaignheadquarters, and he thought it would be nice to have some talk with his Americanadvisers and with some of those Filipinos who had supported him.Present were
Senator-elect Emmanuel Pelaez, J.V.Cruz, Col. Lansdale, Capt.Buhanan
 (I am not sure of the spelling of his name but I remember him distinctly) andanother American.In the beginning, the talk was more or less general, but later, the president-electannounced to the person seated next to him his decision to appoint J.V.Cruz as his

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