Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
9Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Compost Maturity Index

Compost Maturity Index

Ratings: (0)|Views: 406|Likes:
Published by gft1001

More info:

Published by: gft1001 on Aug 28, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/15/2010

pdf

text

original

 
C A LI F O R N I A C O M P O S T Q U A LI T Y C O U N C I L
C O M P O S TM A T U R I T YI N D E X
Prepared by:
C A LI F O RN I A C O M P O ST Q U A LI T Y C O U N C I L
19375 Lake City RoadNevada City, CA 95959www.ccqc.org
 June 2001
 
ContentsSectionPage1.0Compost Maturity1-12.0The CCQC Maturity Index2-13.0Maturity Index Methods3-14.0Best Uses4-15.0Definitions5-16.0Acknowledgements6-1Appendix A: The CCQC Compost Maturity Index in the TMECCA-1
 
1-1
California Compost Quality CouncilCompost Maturity Index June 2001www.ccqc.org
Section 1COMPOST MATURITYImmature and poorly stabilized composts may pose a number of problems during storage,marketing and use. During storage these materials may develop anaerobic ‘pockets’ whichcan lead to odors, fire, and/or the development of toxic compounds. Continued activedecomposition when these materials are added to soil or growth media may have negativeimpacts on plant growth due to reduced oxygen and/or available nitrogen or the presence of phytotoxic compounds. Compost maturity and stability are often used interchangeably.However, they each refer to specific properties of these materials. There have been and willcontinue to be efforts to develop and refine methods which evaluate stability and maturity,but no one universally accepted and applied method exists.Stability refers to a specific stage or decomposition or state of organic matter duringcomposting, which is related to the type of organic compounds remaining and the resultantbiological activity in the material. The stability of a given compost is important indetermining the potential impact of the material on nitrogen availability in soil or growthmedia and maintaining consistent volume and porosity in container growth media. Mostuses of compost require a stable to very stable product that will prevent nutrient tie up andmaintain or enhance oxygen availability in soil or growth media.Maturity is the degree or level of completeness of composting. Maturity is not described by asingle property and therefore maturity is best assessed by measuring two or more parametersof compost. Maturity is in part, affected by the relative stability of the material but alsodescribes the impact of other compost chemical properties on plant development. Someimmature composts may contain high amounts of free ammonia, certain organic acids orother water-soluble compounds which can limit seed germination and root development. Alluses of compost require a mature product free of these potentially phytotoxic components.Appropriate laboratory tests must be easy, rapid and reliable for evaluation of compostsproduced from all types of wastes with many different process methods. Many methods havebeen proposed and are practiced to describe stability and maturity. These include thecarbon:nitrogen ratio (C:N); ammonium-N:nitrate-N ratio; paper chromatography; humicsubstances analysis; microbial biomass; cation exchange capacity (CEC); water extractanalysis and; reheating tests. All of these approaches can provide additional information onmaterial characteristics but have limitations when applied to the interpretation of thediversity of compost products. As example, an assumed ideal C:N ratio for a mature compostmay be 10. However, certain raw and unstable waste materials (e.g. some manures) may have

Activity (9)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
Paul Larouche liked this
cdwsg254 liked this
jacwalt_88 liked this
rgsuuria liked this
lovelylover_17 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->