1985–2011 StataCorp LPAll rights reservedVersion 12Published by Stata Press, 4905 Lakeway Drive, College Station, Texas 77845Typeset in TEXPrinted in the United States of America10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1ISBN-10: 1-59718-081-5ISBN-13: 978-1-59718-081-8This manual is protected by copyright. All rights are reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced, storedin a retrieval system, or transcribed, in any form or by any means—electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording, orotherwise—without the prior written permission of StataCorp LP unless permitted subject to the terms and conditionsof a license granted to you by StataCorp LP to use the software and documentation. No license, express or implied,by estoppel or otherwise, to any intellectual property rights is granted by this document.StataCorp provides this manual “as is” without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, including, butnot limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and ﬁtness for a particular purpose. StataCorp may makeimprovements and/or changes in the product(s) and the program(s) described in this manual at any time and withoutnotice.The software described in this manual is furnished under a license agreement or nondisclosure agreement. The softwaremay be copied only in accordance with the terms of the agreement. It is against the law to copy the software ontoDVD, CD, disk, diskette, tape, or any other medium for any purpose other than backup or archival purposes.The automobile dataset appearing on the accompanying media is Copyright c
1979 by Consumers Union of U.S.,Inc., Yonkers, NY 10703-1057 and is reproduced by permission from CONSUMER REPORTS, April 1979.Stata, , Stata Press, Mata, , and NetCourse are registered trademarks of StataCorp LP.Stata and Stata Press are registered trademarks with the World Intellectual Property Organization of the United Nations.NetCourseNow is a trademark of StataCorp LP.Other brand and product names are registered trademarks or trademarks of their respective companies.For copyright information about the software, type
within Stata.The suggested citation for this software isStataCorp. 2011.
Stata: Release 12
. Statistical Software. College Station, TX: StataCorp LP.