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253665

253665

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Intel® 64 and IA-32 ArchitecturesSoftware Developer’s Manual
Volume 1:Basic Architecture
NOTE:
 The
Intel 
® 
 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer's Manual 
 consists of five volumes:
Basic Architecture 
, Order Number253665;
Instruction Set Reference A-M 
, Order Number 253666;
Instruction Set Reference N-Z 
, Order Number 253667;
System Programming Guide, Part1
, Order Number 253668;
System Programming Guide, Part 2 
, Order Number 253669. Refer to all five volumes whenevaluating your design needs.Order Number: 253665-039US May 2011
 
INFORMATION IN THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED IN CONNECTION WITH INTEL PRODUCTS. NO LICENSE,EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, BY ESTOPPEL OR OTHERWISE, TO ANY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS IS GRANT-ED BY THIS DOCUMENT. EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN INTEL'S TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE FOR SUCHPRODUCTS, INTEL ASSUMES NO LIABILITY WHATSOEVER AND INTEL DISCLAIMS ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIEDWARRANTY, RELATING TO SALE AND/OR USE OF INTEL PRODUCTS INCLUDING LIABILITY OR WARRANTIESRELATING TO FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, MERCHANTABILITY, OR INFRINGEMENT OF ANYPATENT, COPYRIGHT OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT.UNLESS OTHERWISE AGREED IN WRITING BY INTEL, THE INTEL PRODUCTS ARE NOT DESIGNED NOR IN-TENDED FOR ANY APPLICATION IN WHICH THE FAILURE OF THE INTEL PRODUCT COULD CREATE A SITUA-TION WHERE PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH MAY OCCUR.Intel may make changes to specifications and product descriptions at any time, without notice. Designersmust not rely on the absence or characteristics of any features or instructions marked "reserved" or "unde-fined." Intel reserves these for future definition and shall have no responsibility whatsoever for conflicts orincompatibilities arising from future changes to them. The information here is subject to change without no-tice. Do not finalize a design with this information. The Intel
®
 64 architecture processors may contain design defects or errors known as errata. Current char-acterized errata are available on request.Intel
®
 Hyper-Threading Technology requires a computer system with an Intel
®
 processor supporting IntelHyper-Threading Technology and an Intel
®
HT Technology enabled chipset, BIOS and operating system.Performance will vary depending on the specific hardware and software you use. For more information, see
http://www.intel.com/technology/hyperthread/index.htm
; including details on which processors support Intel HTTechnology.Intel
®
 Virtualization Technology requires a computer system with an enabled Intel
®
 processor, BIOS, virtualmachine monitor (VMM) and for some uses, certain platform software enabled for it. Functionality, perfor-mance or other benefits will vary depending on hardware and software configurations. Intel
®
 VirtualizationTechnology-enabled BIOS and VMM applications are currently in development.64-bit computing on Intel architecture requires a computer system with a processor, chipset, BIOS, oper-ating system, device drivers and applications enabled for Intel
®
 64 architecture. Processors will not operate(including 32-bit operation) without an Intel
®
 64 architecture-enabled BIOS. Performance will vary de-pending on your hardware and software configurations. Consult with your system vendor for more infor-mation.Enabling Execute Disable Bit functionality requires a PC with a processor with Execute Disable Bit capabilityand a supporting operating system. Check with your PC manufacturer on whether your system delivers Ex-ecute Disable Bit functionality.Intel, Pentium, Intel Xeon, Intel NetBurst, Intel Core, Intel Core Solo, Intel Core Duo, Intel Core 2 Duo,Intel Core 2 Extreme, Intel Pentium D, Itanium, Intel SpeedStep, MMX, Intel Atom, and VTune are trade-marks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other coun-tries.*Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.Contact your local Intel sales office or your distributor to obtain the latest specifications and before placingyour product order.Copies of documents which have an ordering number and are referenced in this document, or other Intelliterature, may be obtained by calling 1-800-548-4725, or by visiting Intel’s website at
http://www.intel.com
Copyright © 1997-2011 Intel Corporation
 
Vol. 1
iii
CONTENTS
PAGE
®
®
 64 AND IA-32 ARCHITECTURES
®
®
 
286 Processor (1982). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12.1.3The Intel386
 Processor (1985) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22.1.4The Intel486
Processor (1989) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22.1.5The Intel
®
Pentium
®
Processor (1993). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22.1.6The P6 Family of Processors (1995-1999) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32.1.7The Intel
®
Pentium
®
 4 Processor Family (2000-2006). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-42.1.8The Intel
®
Xeon
®
Processor (2001- 2007). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-42.1.9The Intel
®
Pentium
®
M Processor (2003-Current). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52.1.10The Intel
®
Pentium
®
 Processor Extreme Edition (2005-2007). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52.1.11The Intel
®
Core
 Duo and Intel
®
 Core
Solo Processors (2006-2007). . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-52.1.12The Intel
®
Xeon
®
 
Processor 5100, 5300 Series and Intel
®
 Core
2 Processor Family (2006-Current). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-62.1.13The Intel
®
Xeon
®
 
Processor 5200, 5400, 7400 Series and Intel
®
 Core
2 Processor Family (2007-Current). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-62.1.14The Intel
®
Atom
 Processor Family (2008-Current) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-72.1.15The Intel
®
Core
i7 Processor Family (2008-Current) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-72.1.16The Intel
®
Xeon
®
 Processor 7500 Series (2010) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-82.1.172010 Intel
®
Core
 Processor Family (2010) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-82.1.18The Intel
®
Xeon
®
 Processor 5600 Series (2010) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-82.1.19Second Generation Intel
®
Core
®

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