Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
13Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Exp 2

Exp 2

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1,050|Likes:
Published by chanjunshen_rmc
Lab Venturi Meter
Lab Venturi Meter

More info:

Published by: chanjunshen_rmc on Aug 28, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

04/29/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 1
Experiment No. 2VENTURI
 
METER Objective
To measure the discharge and to investigate the characteristic of a Venturi Meter.
Apparatus
TecQuipment Venturi Meter, H5TecQuipment Hydraulic Bench, H1Figure 1: Arrangement of Venturi meter apparatus.
Summary of Theory
Consider the flow of an incompressible fluid through the convergent-divergent pipeshown in Fig.2. The cross-sectional area at the upstream section 1 is a
1
, at the throatsection 2 is a
2
, and at any other arbitrary section n is a
n
. Piezometer tubes at thesesections register h
1
, h
2
, and h
n
as shown.
 
 2
 Figure 2: Ideal conditions in a Venturi meter.Assuming that there is no loss of energy along the pipe, and that the velocity and piezometric heads are constant across each of the sections considered, then Bernoulli’stheorem states that… 1Where u
1
, u2 and u
n
are the velocities of flow through section 1, 2, and n. The equation of continuity isu
1
a
1
= u
2
a
2
= u
n
a
n
= Q…2Q denotes the volume flow or discharge rate.Substituting in equation (1) for u
1
from equation (2)And solving this equation for u
2
leads to
nn2211
hg2uhg2uhg2u
222
+=+=+
2212122
hg2uhaag2u
22
+=+    
212212
aa1)hh(g2 u
    =
 
 3
So that the discharge rate, from equation becomes:…3In practice, there is some loss of energy between sections 1 and 2, and the velocity is notconstant across either of these sections. Consequently, measured values of Q usually falla little short of those calculated from equation (3) and it is customary to allow for thisdiscrepancy by writing:…4C is known as the coefficient of the meter, which may be established by experiment. Itsvalue varies slightly from one meter to another and even for a give meter it may varyslightly with the discharge, but usually lies within the range of 0.92 to 0.99.The ideal pressure distribution along the convergent-divergent pipe may be seen fromBernoulli’s equation 1 to be given byFor the purpose of calculation and of comparison of experimental results withcalculation, it is convenient to express (h
n
h
1
) as a fraction of the velocity head at thethroat of the meter, that is:…5
212212
aa1)hh(g2 aQ
    =
212212
aa1)hh(g2 CaQ
    =
g2uuhh
22
n11n
=
2n221221n
aaaag2uhh
2
        =

Activity (13)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Sonik Bazan liked this
Asmaa Al Doorie liked this
Asmaa Al Doorie liked this
Norhaliza Unus liked this
ducacapupu liked this
bbtwater liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->