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Ancient Vedic Mathematics

Ancient Vedic Mathematics

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Published by PRASATH.R
Quick maths to compute fastly than earlier old slow computations!...........
Quick maths to compute fastly than earlier old slow computations!...........

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Published by: PRASATH.R on Aug 28, 2009
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01/07/2013

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For the good of the Hindus who would be benefitted with this document . Also seehttp://www.esnips.com/web/PUBLIC-DOMAINfor regular updates with new booksPl visit my website athttp://www.esnips.com/web/PUBLIC-DOMAIN, regularly for many documents of ancient India . Comments to cyberhinwa@gmail.comIf we, the daughters and sons of the Bharata Mata (Mother India), do not help our other sisters and brothers thenwho else ???
History of 
Ganit
(Mathematics) Introduction 
Ganit 
(Mathematics) has been considered a very important subject since ancient times.We find very elaborate proof of this inVedah(which were compiled around 6000 BC).The concept of division, addition et-cetera was used even that time. Concepts of zero andinfinite were there. We also find roots of algebra in Vedah. When Indian Beez Ganitreached Arab, they called it Algebra. Algebra was name of the Arabic book thatdescribed Indian concepts. This knowledge reached to Europe from there. And thusancient Indian Beez Ganit is currently referred to as Algebra.The book 
Vedang jyotish
(written 1000 BC) has mentioned the importance of Ganit asfollows-
Meaning: Just as branches of a peacock and jewel-stone of a snake areplaced at the highest place of body (forehead), similarly position of Ganit ishighest in all the branches of
Vedah 
and
Shastras 
 
Famous Jain Mathematician Mahaviracharya has said the following-
 
For the good of the Hindus who would be benefitted with this document . Also seehttp://www.esnips.com/web/PUBLIC-DOMAINfor regular updates with new booksPl visit my website athttp://www.esnips.com/web/PUBLIC-DOMAIN, regularly for many documents of ancient India . Comments to cyberhinwa@gmail.com
Meaning: What is the use of much speaking. Whatever object exists in thismoving and nonmoving world, can not be understood without the base of
Ganit 
(Mathematics).
This fact was well known to intellectuals of India that is why they gave specialimportance to the development of Mathematics, right from the beginning. When thisknowledge was negligible in Arab and Europe, India had acquired great achievements.People from Arab and other countries used to travel to India for commerce. While doingcommerce, side by side, they also learnt easy to use calculation methods of India.Through them this knowledge reached to Europe. From time to time many inquisitiveforeigners visited India and they delivered this matchless knowledge to their countries.This will not be exaggeration to say that till 12th century India was the World Guru in thearea of Mathematics.The auspicious beginning on Indian Mathematics is in
 Aadi Granth
(ancient/eternal book) Rigved. The history of Indian Mathematics can be divided into 5 parts, asfollowing.1)Ancient Time (Before 500 BC) a)Vedic Time (1000 BC-At least 6000 BC)a)Later Vedic Time (1000 BC-500BC)2)Pre Middle Time (500 BC- 400 AD) 3)Middle Time or Golden Age (400 AD - 1200 AD) 4)Later Middle Time (1200 AD - 1800 AD) 5)Current Time (After 1800 AD) 
1) Ancient Time (Before 500 BC) 
Ancient time is very important in the history of Indian Mathematics. In this time different branches of Mathematics, such as Numerical Mathematics; Algebra; GeometricalMathematics, were properly and strongly established.There are two main divisions in Ancient Time. Numerical Mathematics developed inVedic Time and Geometrical Mathematics developed in Later Vedic Time.
1a) Vedic Time (1000 BC-At least 6000 BC)
 Numerals and decimals are cleanly mentioned in Vedah (Compiled at lease 6000 BC).There is a
 Richa
in Veda, which says the following-
 
For the good of the Hindus who would be benefitted with this document . Also seehttp://www.esnips.com/web/PUBLIC-DOMAINfor regular updates with new booksPl visit my website athttp://www.esnips.com/web/PUBLIC-DOMAIN, regularly for many documents of ancient India . Comments to cyberhinwa@gmail.com
In the above Richa ,
Dwadash 
(12),
Treeni 
(2),
Trishat 
(300) numerals havebeen used. This indicates the use of writing numerals based on 10.
In this age the discovery of 
ZERO
and
"10th place value method"(writing numberbased on 10)
is great contribution to world by India in the arena of Mathematics.If "zero" and "10 based numbers" were not discovered, it would not have been possibletoday to write big numbers.
The great scholar of America Dr. G. B. Halsteed has also praised this.Shlegal has also accepted that this is the second greatest achievement ofhuman race after the discovery of Alphabets.
This is not known for certain that who invented "zero" and when. But it has been in useright from the "vedic" time. The importance of "zero" and "10th place value method" ismanifested by their wide spread use in today's world. This discovery is the one that hashelped science to reach its current status.In the second section of earlier portion of 
 Narad Vishnu Puran (written by Ved Vyas)
 describes "mathematics" in the context of 
Triskandh Jyotish
. In that numbers have beendescribed which are ten times of each other, in a sequence (10 to the power n). Not onlythat in this book, different methods of "mathematics" like Addition, Subtraction,Multiplication, Addition, Fraction, Square, Square root, Cube root et-cetera have beenelaborately discussed. Problems based on these have also been solved.This proves at that time various mathematical methods were not in concept stage, rather those were getting used in a methodical and expanded manner.
"10th place value method" dispersed from India to Arab. From there it gottransferred to Western countries. This is the reason that digits from 1-9are called "hindsa" by the people of Arab. In western countries0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 are called Hindu-Arabic Numerals.
1b) Later Vedic Time (1000 BC - 500 BC)
1b.1)
Shulv and Vedang Jyotish Time 
Vedi
was very important while performing rituals. On the top of "Vedi" different type of 
 geomit 
(geometry: as you notice this word is derived from a Sanskrit word)) were made.

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