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Transfer 3 Exam 1 Equations

# Transfer 3 Exam 1 Equations

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Equation sheet from Transfer 3: Mass Transfer Exam 1
Packed Tower, Separations, Liquid Vapor Separator, Fenske Equation

Equation sheet from Transfer 3: Mass Transfer Exam 1
Packed Tower, Separations, Liquid Vapor Separator, Fenske Equation

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12/17/2013

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Absorption = Gas
liquid Stripping or Desorption = Liquid
GasLiquid -Gas separation





Mass balance for an equilibrium stage






























To solve, must know the equilibrium relationships between the components
so technically one f the equations are not neededIf B is Inert Air and C is Inert Water, and A is the solute that moves between the L and V:Solute A (gas)1)Inert Gas B & Inert Liquid C are essentially immiscible2)L' is the moles of inert Water Ci.V' is the moles of inert air Bii.
 
3)ComponentsHenry's Law works for Dilute solutions :
Concentrated (Non dilute) uses plots or other correlationsTo solve, we must use a relationship between y & x:












Multicomponent

OR
for
and H is Henry's constant in atm/moleHenry's Law is considered the Equilibrium LineEquilibrium between
in the gas phase and
can be described by Henry's Law at Low concentrationsHenry's LawBalance over n stages:



are usually known or can easily be found.


 









Operating Line:MultistageHenry's Law or other CorrelationEquilibrium Line is plotted at






Operating Line is plotted at

Difference between Equilibrium Line and Operating LineThe operating line and equilibrium line are both about linear because the Liquid and Vapor streams stay about constant since not a lot of solute moves from one stream to the otherFor Dilute Solutions:




If molar flows are constant from n to N, then
  







 
















Everything on the right is a constant




Substitution:



 










Stripping (AL)+V
L+(AV)Solving:Analytical Solution for number of stagesNumbering conventions



Inlet:


Outlet:OverallTotal number of stages = N




Inlet:


Outlet:At Stage n



 




When A=1








Absorption L+(AV)
(AL)+V
Exam 1 Review
Saturday, October 5, 20137:18 PM
Transfer 3 Page 1


When A=1








Flooding Velocity -Upper limit to gas flow


















L' and V' are the inert flowsBalance similar to Multistage counter current flow TowersSubstituting values for

and plotting intermediate points will give the operating lineThe equilibrium line is plotted using given data or if for dilute concentrations, correlationsDetermining the number of trays/stages requiredFlux















= Concentration in the Bulk Phase, starting concentrationPacked Tower Height
















 

 
 
are found on the plot of P
1
M
1
Compositions at the Interface


 









 







Terms like




can be taken out of the integral because they do not change much. Their value is often near 1 and can be dropped


 
   


With V and L being average valuesIf




is considered 1, then:The operating line is almost straight with dilute casesFor dilute casesPacked Tower Design using transfer units























For Dilute solutions z = height =Plot the operating line1)Plot the equilibrium line2)Film coefficients k'
y
a and k'
x
a are found from empirical correlations3)
Slope








a.
Find the slope of the P
1
M
1
line4)Steps to find Packed Tower HeightBoth the Operating and Equilibrium lines are substantially curvedFor Concentrated and Non-Dilute cases










Both need to be integrated graphically or numericallyk values come from correlations with GG is the total mass of liquid or gas per second per m
2
tower cross section

 






When A=1









Transfer 3 Page 2

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