Excerpt from "The Methodology of the Prophets"
Shaikh Rabee' bin Hadee al-Madkhalee
SO IN SUMMARY OF THIS:The Prophets, alaihimusalaatu was-salaam, did not come to bring about the downfall of one state and to replace it with another, They did not seek after sovereignty, nor did theyorganise parties for that. Rather they came for the guidance of mankind and to save themfrom misguidance and Shirk, and to take mankind out of darkness and into light and toremind them of the days when Allaah has sent favours upon them. If rule and sovereigntyhad been offered to them, they would have rejected it and continued upon their da'wah.Indeed Quraysh offered sovereignty to Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam)and he refused it. It was alas offered to him that he should be a Prophet-king or a Slave-Messenger, so he chose that he should be a Slave-Messenger. Prom Aboo Hurairah,radiallaahu 'anhu, who said, 'Jibreel sat with Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhiwasallam) and looked to the heavens and saw an Angel descending, so Jibreel said. 'ThisAngel has never descended since he was created until now.' So when he descended hesaid. '0 Muhammad! Your Lord has sent me to you, saying. 'Shall He make you aProphet-king or a Slave-Messenger?' Jibreel said, 'Show humbleness to your Lord, 0Muhammad.' He said, 'Rather a Slave-Messenger" So he had not used to take pledge of allegiance from the Ansaar or others except for Paradise. despite the fact that the pledgeof the Ansaar was given in the most severe and difficult circumstances, yet it containedno promise of positions of authority, nor sovereignty, nor leadership, nor wealth, nor anyother temporal gain.From 'Ubaadah ibn as-Saamit, radiyallaahu 'anhu, who said, 'I am one of those chiefswho gave the 'Aqabah pledge to Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) ,' andhe said, 'We gave the pledge that we would not worship anything else besides Allaah, nor steal, nor fornicate, nor kill a person whose killing Allaah had made unlawful, exceptrightfully, nor rob each other, nor disobey, and Paradise would beAnd from Aboo Mas'ood al-Ansaaree. radiyallaahu 'anhu, who said, 'Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) went along with his uncle a-'Abbaas to seventy of theAnsaar, beneath the tree. So he said, 'Let the one of you who is to speak do so. but heshould not make his speech long since the Mushriks have a spy watching you, and if theycome to know about you they will expose you.' So their speaker, who was AbooUmaamah said, 'Ask, 0 Muhammad. for your Lord whatever you wish, then ask for yourselves and your Companions whatever you wish. Then inform us what reward thereis for us with Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, and what is due to us from you if we dothat.' So he said, 'For my Lord. the Mighty and Majestic, I ask that you do not worshipanything besides Him, and for myself and my Companions I ask that you grant us shelter and assist us, and defend us as you defend yourselves.' They said. 'So what is there for usif we do that?' He said, 'Paradise is for you.' They said, 'Then we will do this for you.'