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Published by: loh sue fee on Aug 29, 2009
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10/19/2011

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SMK Bukit Saujana 2009
COMPUTER NETWORKSAND COMMUNICATIONS
LESSON 67INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER NETWORKS ANDCOMMUNICATIONS
COMPUTER NETWORK
A computer network is a system of interconnected computers and peripheraldevices. For example, it may connect computers, printers, scanners andcameras.
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SMK Bukit Saujana 2009
Using hardware and software, these interconnected computing devices cancommunicate with each other through defined rules of data communications.In a network, computers can exchange and share information and resources.A computer network may operate on wired connections or wirelessconnections.When two or more networks are linked or connected and are able tocommunicate with one another using suitable hardware and software, it iscalled an internetwork.
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SMK Bukit Saujana 2009
COMMUNICATIONS
Communications is about thetransfer of information from asender, across a distance, to areceiver.Using electricity, radio waves orlight, information and data in theform of codes are transmittedthrough a physical medium such aswire, cable, or even the atmosphere.The information that is transmitted(sent) can be text, voice, sound,video, graphics and images, or acombination of all these, which wecall multimedia.We transmit information or data byusing two types of signals, namelyanalog and digital.Computers communicate with digitalsignals.
 
The older forms of communications technology, such as telephonesand radios, use analog signals.
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