Desam - Bhoomi & Athura desha:Here bhoomi pareeksha is about the land in which the patient lived.Athura desha pareeksha is the DASHA VIDHA ATHURA PAREEKSHA.Kalam - Samvathsara & Athuravastha:In samvathsara the 6 ritus are considered.In aturavastha ama-niramavastha, nava-puranavastha etc are considered.Pravruthi - Karma samarambha:Is the proper functioning of bhishak,aushada,atura & paricharaka.Upayam - Pada sampath:Bhishak,dravya,atura & paricharaka having all their required qualities forms theupayam.
Some ualities which help to assess the various prakrutis are:KAPHA: Snigdhanga, Sukumara avadata gaatra, Sthira shareera, Manda chesta, Sheegravikara, Prasanna darshana, Balavantha, VidhyavantaPITTA: Ushna asha, Kshut pipasa vanta, Has more vali, palita,khalitya, Has less &kapila varna smashru, roma,kasha, Klesha asahishnu, Prabhuta ashana pana, Adhikaswed, mootra,purisha etcVATA: Alpa shareera, Swara rooksha, jarjara, Chapala gati,chesta etc., Excess talk,Prominent sira kandara, Grasps things soon but forgets very fast etc,The knowledge of prakriti helps to assess:1)The prognosis2)Rogi bala3)to know the mental status of the patient.
Here the changes taking place in the patients body must be noticed with due importanceto:Hetu: the causative factor.
KalamBy considering all these we can frame a proper samprapti of the disease, which in turnhelps for proper treatment.
The lakshanas of the 8 saras are watched out in the patient and a grading is done dependingon the maximum qualities noticed as: PRAVARA, MADYAMA OR AVARA.SARA.Sara also represents the ojus or the bala of the patient.
(compactness of the body)a compact body is characterized by symmetrical & well divided bones,well knit jointsand well bound mamsa & rakta.
Here the patient is examined with reference to the measurement of his bodily organs. thisis determined by measuring the height, length & breadth of the organs by taking the fingerbreadth of the individual as the unit of measurement.
Satmya(homolagation)stands for such factors as are wholesome to the individuals.evenwhen continuously used..Pravaram - sarvarasa, ghritha, ksheera etc