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Civil Society Engagement with Political Parties During Elections: Lessons from Ghana and Sierra Leone

Civil Society Engagement with Political Parties During Elections: Lessons from Ghana and Sierra Leone

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Published by Oxfam

This study examines the conditions that enable civil society organizations (CSOs) to influence political parties during election campaigns. Drawing on desk reviews and the experiences of CSOs during the 2012 elections in Ghana and Sierra Leone, the study found that, for CSOs to have their demands incorporated into party programmes, qualities such as political neutrality, evidence-based data gathering, and consistency in judgments are critical. Furthermore, applying methods such as lobbying and strategic use of media were found to be very effective in engaging political actors. The study recommends that CSOs should be innovative in their strategies with political parties, in order to inject fresh momentum in the way political parties respond to CSOs.

This study examines the conditions that enable civil society organizations (CSOs) to influence political parties during election campaigns. Drawing on desk reviews and the experiences of CSOs during the 2012 elections in Ghana and Sierra Leone, the study found that, for CSOs to have their demands incorporated into party programmes, qualities such as political neutrality, evidence-based data gathering, and consistency in judgments are critical. Furthermore, applying methods such as lobbying and strategic use of media were found to be very effective in engaging political actors. The study recommends that CSOs should be innovative in their strategies with political parties, in order to inject fresh momentum in the way political parties respond to CSOs.

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Published by: Oxfam on Dec 18, 2013
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07/10/2014

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OXFAM RESEARCH REPORTS DECEMBER 2013
Oxfam Research Reports
 are written to share research results, to contribute to public debate and to in-vite feedback on development and humanitarian policy and practice. They do not necessarily reflect Oxfam policy positions. The views expressed are those of the author and not necessarily those of Oxfam. 
CIVIL SOCIETY ENGAGEMENT WITH POLITICAL PARTIES DURING ELECTIONS
LESSONS FROM GHANA AND SIERRA LEONE
 A Health Walk organized by the Universal Health Consortium of Ghana, Accra, 26 November 2012.
FRANCIS KWAKYE OPPONG, FRANKLIN ODURO and MOHAMMED AWAL
GHANA CENTRE FOR DEMOCRATIC DEVELOPMENT (CDD-GHANA)
EMMANUEL DEBRAH
UNIVERSITY OF GHANA / ASSOCIATE OF CDD-GHANA
This study examines the conditions that enable civil society organizations (CSOs) to influence political parties during election campaigns. Drawing on desk reviews and the experiences of CSOs during the 2012 election in Ghana and Sierra Leone, the study found that, for CSOs to have their demands incorporated into party programmes, qualities such as political neutrality, evidence-based data gathering, and consistency in judgments are critical. Furthermore, applying methods such as lobbying and strategic use of media were found to be very effective in engaging political actors. The study recommends that CSOs should be innovative in their strategies with political parties, in order to inject fresh momentum in the way political parties respond to CSOs.
 
Civil Society Engagement with Political Parties During Elections
 3
TABLES AND BOXES
Table 1.1 Interviews per country and category Box 3.1 Briefcase CSOs in Sierra Leone Box 3.2
Developing a farmers’ manifesto for e
lection 2012 Box 3.3 Using debates to engage politicians Table 3.1 Strategies used in Sierra Leonean
CSOs’ en
gagement with political parties Box 3.4 Using less common strategies in CSO election campaigns: the example of the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) campaign in Sierra Leone Box 3.5 Female genital mutilation: a political no-fly zone?
 ACRONYMS
CDD-Ghana Ghana Centre for Democratic Development CSO Civil society organization FGD Focus group discussion HIV Human immunodeficiency virus IEA Institute of Economic Affairs INGO International non-governmental organization NGO Non-government organization NPP New Patriotic Party PFAG Peasant Farmers Association of Ghana UHCC Universal Access to Healthcare Campaign WASH Water, sanitation and hygiene

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