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Hoppe: Marxist and Austrian Class Analysis

Hoppe: Marxist and Austrian Class Analysis

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Published by Mises Fan

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Published by: Mises Fan on Dec 18, 2013
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05/27/2014

 
Imrxjst m`h Mustrjm` Lcmss M`mcysjs
by
Nm`s Norim``
Ngppo
Hopmi`o`t ga Olg`gijls _`jvorsjty ga @ovmmjz
gs
Qokms
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wm`t tg hg tno agccgwj`k j` tnjs pmpor4 Ajrst tg proso`t tno tnosos tnmt lg`- stjtuto tno nmrh lgro ga tno Imrxjst tnogry ga njstgry.
J
lcmji tnmt mcc ga tnoi mro osso`tjmccy lgrrolt. Xno`
J
wjcc sngw ngw tnoso truo tnosos mro horjvoh j` Imrxjsi argi m amcso stmrtj`k pgj`t. Aj`mccy, J wjcc hoig`strmto ngw Mustrjm`jsi j` tno Ijsos-Rgtnbmrh trmhjtjg` lm` kjvo m lgrrolt but lmtokgrjlmccy hjaaoro`t oxpcm`mtjg` ga tnojr vmcjhjty. Cot io bokj` wjtn tno nmrh lgro ga tno Imrxjst bocjoa systoi4' (=) Xno njstgry ga im`ej`h js tno njstgry ga lcmss strukkcos. 2 Jt js tno njstgry ga strukkcos botwoo` m rocmtjvocy simcc rucj`k lcmss m`h m cmrkor lcmss ga tno oxpcgjtoh. Xno prjimry agri ga oxpcgjtmtjg` js olg`gijl4 Xno rucj`k lcmss oxprgprjmtos pmrt ga tno prghultjvo gutput ga tno oxpcgjtoh gr, ms Imrxjsts smy, jt mpprgprjmtos m sgljmc surpcus prghult m`h usos jt agr jts gw` lg`suiptjvo purpgsos.
(2)
Xno rucj`k lcmss js u`jajoh by jts lgiig` j`torost
j`
upngchj`k jts oxpcgjtmtjvo pgsjtjg` m`h imxjijzj`k jts oxpcgjtmtjvocy mpprgprjmtoh surpcus prghult. Jt `ovor hocjbormtocy kjvos up pgwor gr oxpcgjtmtjg` j`lgio. J`stomh, m`y cgss j` pgwor gr j`lgio iust bo wrostcoh mwmy argi jt tnrgukn strukkcos, wngso gutlgio uctjimtocy hopo`hs g` tno lcmss lg`sljgus`oss ga tno oxpcgjtoh, j.o., g` wnotnor gr `gt m`h tg wnmt oxto`t tno oxpcgjtoh mro mwmro ga tnojr gw` stmtus m`h mro lg`- sljguscy u`jtoh wjtn gtnor lcmss ioibors j` lgiig` gppgsjtjg` tg oxpcgjtmtjg`.
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Lcmss ruco im`jaosts jtsoca prjimrjcy j` spoljajl mrrm`koio`ts rokmrhj`k tno mssjk`io`t ga prgporty rjknts gr, j` Imrxjst torij`gcgky, j` spoljajl rocmtjg`s ga prghultjg`. J` grhor tg prgtolt tnoso mrrm`koio`ts gr prghultjg` rocmtjg`s, tno rucj`k lcmss agris m`h js j` lgiim`h ga tno stmto ms tno mppmrmtus ga lgipuc- sjg` m`h lgorljg`. Xno stmto o`agrlos m`h nocps roprghulo m kjvo` lcmss strulturo tnrgukn tno mhij`jstrmtjg` ga m systoi ga lcmss dustjlo, m`h jt mssjsts j` tno lromtjg` m`h tno suppgrt ga m` jhogcgkjlmc suporstrulturo hosjk`oh tg co`h cokjtjimly tg tno oxjsto`lo ga lcmss ~co.
 
>
XNO DG_R@MC
GA
CJBORXMRJM@ \X_HJO\
Amcc
8)
J`tor`mccy, tno prgloss ga lgipotjtjg` wjtnj` tno rucj`k lcmss ko`ormtos m to`ho`ly tgwmrh j`lromsj`k lg`lo`trmtjg` m`h lo`trmcjzmtjg`. M iuctjpgcmr systoi ga oxpcgjtmtjg` js krmhumccy suppcm`toh by m` gcjkmrlnjl gr ig`gpgcjstjl g`o. Aowor m`h aowor oxpcgjtmtjg` lo`tors roimj` j` gpormtjg`, m`h tngso tnmt hg mro j`lroms- j`kcy j`tokrmtoh j`tg m njormrlnjlmc grhor. M`h oxtor`mccy, o.k., wjtnj` tno j`tor- `mtjg`mc systoi, tnjs j`tor`mc lo`trmcjzmtjg` prgloss wjcc (tno igro j`to`sjvocy tno igro mhvm`loh jt js) comh tg jiporjmcjst j`torstmto wmrs m`h tno torrjtgrjmc oxpm`- sjg` ga oxpcgjtmtjvo ruco.
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Aj`mccy, wjtn tno lo`trmcjzmtjg` m`h oxpm`sjg` ga oxpcgjtmtjvo ruco krmhumccy mpprgmlnj`k jts uctjimto cjijt ga wgrch hgij`mtjg`, lcmss ruco wjcc j`lromsj`kcy bolgio j`lgipmtjbco wjtn tno aurtnor hovocgpio`t m`h jiprgvoio`t ga prg- hultjvo agrlos. Olg`gijl stmk`mtjg` m`h lrjsos bolgio igro m`h igro lnmrmltorjstjl m`h lromto tno gbdoltjvo lg`hjtjg`s agr tno oiorko`lo ga m rovgcu- tjg`mry lcmss lg`sljgus`oss ga tno oxpcgjtoh. Xno sjtumtjg` bolgios rjpo agr tno ostmbcjsnio`t ga m lcmsscoss lgojty, tno wjtnorj`k mwmy ga tno stmto, tno ropcmlo- io`t ga kgvor`io`t ga io` gvor'io` by tno mhij`jstrmtjg` ga
tnj`kP, P
m`h, ms m rosuct, u`nomrh ga olg`gijl prgsporjty. Mcc ga tnoso tnosos mro poraoltcy dustjajmbco, ms
J
wjcc sngw. _`agrtu`mtocy, ngwovor, jt js Imrxjsi, wnjln subslrjbos tg mcc ga tnoi, tnmt nms hg`o igro tnm` m`y gtnor jhogcgkjlmc systoi tg hjslrohjt tnojr vmcjhjty by horjvj`k tnoi argi m pmto`tcy mbsurh tnogry ga oxpcgjtmtjg`. [nmt js tnjs Imrxjst tnogry ga oxpcgjtmtjg`7 Mllgrhj`k tg Imrx, suln prolmpjtmcjst sgljmc systois ms scmvory m`h aouhmcjsi mro lnmrmmorjzoh by oxpcgjtm- tjg`. Xnoro js `g qumrroc wjtn tnjs. Mator mcc, tno scmvo js `gt m aroo cmbgror, m`h no lm``gt
bo
smjh tg kmj` argi njs boj`k o`scmvoh. Rmtnor, njs o`scmvoio`t rohulos njs utjcjty mt tno oxpo`so ga m` j`lromso j` womctn mpprgprjmtoh by tno scmvo imstor. Xno j`torost ga tno scmvo m`h tnmt ga tno scmvo gw`or mro j`hooh m`tmkg`jstjl. Xno smio js truo ga tno j`torosts ga tno aouhmc cgrh wng oxtrmlts m cm`h ro`t argi m pomsm`t wng wgres g` ngiostomhoh cm`h. Xno cgrh's kmj`s mro tno pomsm`t's cgssos. M`h jt js mcsg u`hjsputoh tnmt scmvory ms wocc ms aouhmcjsi nmipor tno hovocgp- io`t ga prghultjvo agrlos. @ojtnor scmvo `gr sora wjcc bo ms prghultjvo ms no wguch bo wjtngut scmvory gr sorahgi. But tno ko`uj`ocy `ow Imrxjst jhom js tnmt osso`tjmccy `gtnj`k js lnm`koh ms rokmrhs oxpcgjtmtjg` u`hor lmpjtmcjsi, j.o., ja tno scmvo bolgios m aroo cmbgror, gr ja tno pomsm`t holjhos tg amri cm`h ngiostomhoh by sgiog`o ocso m`h pmys ro`t j` oxlnm`ko agr hgj`k sg. Xg bo suro, Imrx, j` tno amigus two`ty-agurtn lnmptor ga tno ajrst vgcuio ga njs
Empjtmc
tjtcoh Xno \g-lmccoh Grjkj`mc Mlluiu- cmtjg`, kjvos
m
njstgrjlmc mllgu`t ga tno oiorko`lo ga lmpjtmcjsi tnmt imeos tno pgj`t tnmt iuln gr ovo` igst ga tno j`jtjmc lmpjtmcjst prgporty js tno rosuct ga pcu`hor, o`lcgsuro, m`h lg`quost. \jijcmrcy, j` lnmptor
2?,
g` tno Ighor` Xnogry ga Lgcg`jmcjsi, tno rgco ga agrlo m`h vjgco`lo j` oxpgrtj`k lmpjtmcjsi tg tno-ms wo wguch `gw smy-Xnjrh [grch js nomvjcy oipnmsjzoh. Mhijttohcy,
 
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NM@\ NORIM@ NGVVO IMR^J\X M@H M_\XRJM@ LCM\\
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mcc tnjs js ko`ormccy lgrrolt, m`h j`sgamr ms jt js tnoro lm` no `g qumrroc wjtn cmboc- j`k suln lmpjtmcjsi oxpcgjtmtjvo. Zot g`o snguch no mwmro ga tno amlt tnmt noro Imrx js poragrij`k m trjle. J` o`kmkj`k j` njstgrjlmc j`vostjkmtjg`s m`h mrgusj`k tno romhor's j`hjk`mtjg` mt tno brutmcjtjos u`horcyj`k tno agrimtjg` ga im`y lmpjtmcjst agrtu`os, no mltumccy sjhostops tno jssuo mt nm`h, ovmhj`k tno amlt tnmt njs tnosjs js romccy m` o`tjrocy hjaaoro`t g`o4 `miocy, tnmt ovo` u`hor "lcom`" lmpjtmcjsi,
s
tg spome, j.o., m systoi j` wnjln tno grjkj`mc mpprgprjmtjg` ga lmpjtmc wms tno rosuct ga `gtnj`k ocso but ngiostomhj`k, wgre, m`h smvj`ks, tno lmpjtmcjst wng njroh cmbgr tg bo oipcgyoh wjtn tnjs lmpjtmc wguch `g`otnocoss bo o`kmkoh j` oxpcgjtmtjg`. J`hooh, Imrx lg`sjhoroh tno prgga ga tnjs tnosjs njs igst jipgr- tm`t lg`trjbutjg` tg olg`gijl m`mcysjs. Njs prgga ga tno oxpcgjtmtjvo lnmrmltor ga m lcom` lmpjtmcjsi lg`sjsts j` tno gbsor- vmtjg` tnmt tno amltgr prjlos, j` pmrtjlucmr tno wmkos pmjh tg cmbgrors by tno lmpjtmcjst, mro cgwor tnm` tno gutput prjlos. Xno cmbgror, agr j`stm`lo, js pmjh m wmko tnmt roproso`ts lg`suiptjg` kgghs tnmt lm` bo prghuloh j` tnroo hmys, but no mltumccy wgres ajvo hmys agr njs wmko m`h prghulos m` gutput ga lg`suiptjg` kgghs tnmt oxloohs wnmt no rolojvos ms roiu`ormtjg`. Xno gutput ga tno twg oxtrm hmys, tno surpcus vmcuo j` Imrxjst torij`gcgky, js mpprgprjmtoh by tno lmpjtmcjst. No`lo, mllgrhj`k tg Imrx, tnoro js oxpcgjtmtjg`.' [nmt js wrg`k wjtn tnjs m`mcysj~7~ no m`swor bolgios gbvjgus g`lo jt js mseoh wny tno cmbgror wguch pgssjbcy mkroo tg suln m` mrrm`koio`t No mkroos bolmuso njs wmko pmyio`t roproso`ts proso`t kgghs-wnjco njs gw` cmbgr sorvjlos ropro- so`t g`cy auturo kgghs-m`h no vmcuos proso`t kgghs igro njkncy. Mator mcc, no lguch mcsg holjho `gt tg socc njs cmbgr sorvjlos tg tno lmpjtmcjst m`h tno` romp tno "aucc vmcuo" ga njs gutput njisoca. But tnjs wguch ga lgurso jipcy tnmt no wguch nmvo tg wmjt cg`kor agr m`y lg`suiptjg` kgghs tg bolgio mvmjcmbco tg nji. J` soccj`k njs cmbgr sorvjlos no hoig`strmtos tnmt no proaors m simccor migu`t ga lg`suiptjg` kgghs `gw gvor m pgssjbcy cmrkor g`o mt sgio auturo hmto. G` tno gtnor nm`h, wny wguch tno lmpjtmcjst wm`t tg strjeo m homc wjtn tno cmbgror7 [ny wguch no wm`t tg mhvm`lo proso`t kgghs (ig`oy) tg tno cmbgror j` oxlnm`ko agr sorvjlos tnmt bomr arujt g`cy cmtor7 Gbvjguscy, no wguch `gt wm`t tg pmy gut, agr j`stm`lo, $=66 `gw ja no woro tg rolojvo tno smio migu`t j` g`o yomr's tjio. J` tnmt lmso, wny `gt sjipcy ngch g` tg jt agr g`o yomr m`h rolojvo tno oxtrm bo`oajt ga nmvj`k mltumc lgiim`h gvor jt hurj`k tno o`tjro tjio7 J`stomh, no iust oxpolt tg rolojvo m cmrkor sui tnm` $=66 j` tno auturo j` grhor tg kjvo up $=66 `gw j` tno agri ga wmkos pmjh tg tno cmbgror. No iust oxpolt tg bo mbco tg omr` m prgajt, gr igro lgrroltcy m` j`torost rotur`. M`h no js lg`strmj`oh by tjio proaoro`lo, j.o., tno amlt tnmt m` mltgr j`vmrjmbcy proaors omrcjor gvor cmtor kgghs, j` yot m`gtnor wmy. Agr ja g`o lm` gbtmj` m cmrkor sui j` tno auturo by smlrjajlj`k m simccor g`o j` tno proso`t, wny tno` js tno lmpjtmcjst `gt o`kmkoh j` igro smvj`k tnm` no mltumccy js7 [ny hgos no `gt njro igro cmbgrors tnm` no hgos, ja omln g`o ga tnoi prgijsos m` mhhjtjg`mc j`torost rotur`7 Xno m`swor mkmj` snguch bo

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