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Surah Al Baqarah (2:183) - Benefits of Fasting

Surah Al Baqarah (2:183) - Benefits of Fasting

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Scientific, Archaeological and Historical Miracles of the Holy Quran.
Scientific, Archaeological and Historical Miracles of the Holy Quran.

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Published by: Muhammad Awais Tahir on Aug 30, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Its marvels will never cease
(Jami Tirmidhi)
Scientific and Archaeological Explanation of
the Ayaats of the Holy Quran
Comments, queries and feedback at
For the complete work, visit our blog
Surah Al Baqarah
Ayat 183
O you who believe! fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those before you, so that you
may guard (against evil)
M Shakir's Quran Translation
Fasting: A divinely prescribed healing workshop
Muslims fast from dawn until dusk i.e. from the time the day starts up to the ending of the day. The starting of the
day is explained by another verse from the Holy Quran.
And eat and drink until the whiteness of the day becomes distinct from the blackness of the night at dawn, then
complete the fast till night,

By saying that as it was prescribed for those before you does not mean that the Muslim fast is like the other fasts previously observed, in the number of days, in the time or manner of the fast, or in other incidents; it only means that the principle of self-denial by fasting is not a new one.

Day becomes distinct from the blackness; first appear thin white indefinable streaks of light in the east; then a dark zone supervenes; followed by a beautiful pinkish white zone clearly defined from the dark. This is the true dawn; after that, the fast begins.

Till the night appears; from the actual practice of the Holy Apostle, this is rightly interpreted to mean: "Till sunset."

Muslims stay away from sexual desires and food and water during the fast time. In a single statement we may say that the main feature of fasting is to "suppress the materialistic desires and invoke spirituality " , but the method of fast prescribed by Allah has many medical ethics as well. The

Fasting has been found to be an effective treatment for psychological and emotional disorders. It helps a person to
firm up his will, cultivate and refine his taste and manners, strengthen his conviction of doing good, avoid
controversy, petulance and rashness, which all contribute towards a sane and healthy personality. Besides nurturing
resistance and ability to face hardships and endurance, fasting reflects on outward physical appearance by cutting
out gluttony and getting rid of excess fat. The benefits of fasting on health do not stop there but are instrumental in
alleviating a number of physical diseases, including those of the digestive systems, such as chronic stomachache,
inflammation of the colon, liver diseases, indigestion, and conditions such as obesity, arteriosclerosis, high blood
pressure, asthma, diphtheria and many other maladies.

The benefits of fasting include:
1-Benefits in the hereafter
2-Spiritual benefits
3-Medical Ethics

1-Benefits in the hereafter

These are the actual benefits for a Muslim because this life is nothing as compared to the hereafter. The hereafter is
forever and this life is temporarily. Suppose we live for 100 years, or even a thousand years when we divide it by
infinity, we get 'zero'. As compared to the hereafter, this life is 'zero' or 'nothing'. Here are a few of those benefits
mentioned in the hadith.


Narrated Abu Hurrairah: Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said, "Ramadan, a blessed month, has come to
you during which Allah has made it obligatory for you to fast. In it the gates of Heaven are opened, the gates of al-
Jahim are locked, and the rebellious devils are chained. In it Allah has a night which is better than a thousand
months. He who is deprived of its good has indeed suffered deprivation."

Narrated Abu Hurrairah: Allah's Apostle said, "Allah said, 'All the deeds of Adam's sons (people) are for them,
except fasting which is for Me, and I will give the reward for it.'"
2-Spiritual Benefits
The Arabic word
used in this ayat is translated in many ways including God consciousness, God fearing, piety,
andse lf -restraining. Thus, we are ordered to fast daily for one month from dawn to dusk and avoid food, water, sex
and vulgar talk during that period.

It is our experience that temptations and ways of the world tend to spoil our purity and austerity. Thus we indulge in
food all of the time, snacking and nibbling the whole day, heading to obesity. We drink too much coffee, or tea, or
carbonated drinks. Some have frequent sexual temptations. When we argue, we leave our decency aside and resort
to vulgar talk and even physical fighting. Fasting saves us from all such things.

Protection from other sins

Narrated Abu Hurrairah: Allah's Apostle said, "Fasting is a shield or protection from the fire and from committing sins. If one of you is fasting, he should avoid sexual relation with his wife and quarreling, and if somebody should fight or quarrel with him, he should say, 'I am fasting.' By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, the unpleasant smell coming out from the mouth of a fasting person is better in the sight of Allah than the smell of musk. There are two pleasures for the fasting person, one at the time of breaking his fast, and the other at the time when he will meet his Lord; then he will be pleased because of his fasting."

Fasting is a protection against the passions.

Narrated Alqama: While I was walking with 'Abdullah he said, "We were in the company of the Prophet and he
said, 'He who can afford to marry should marry, because it will help him refrain from looking at other women, and
save his private parts from committing illegal sexual relation; and he who cannot afford to marry is advised to
fast, as fasting will diminish his sexual power.' "

Many young people complain about passion and desire aroused by many factors such as women displaying and
exposing themselves in public, dirty magazines in libraries and shops, among other temptations that pursue the
young people everywhere. The young person is naturally disposed to have his desire aroused at the slightest cause

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