They ask you about intoxicants and games of chance. Say: In both of them there is a great sin and
means of profit for men, and their sin is greater than their profit. And they ask you as to what they
should spend. Say: What you can spare. Thus does Allah make clear to you the communications, that
you may ponder
During the early days of Islam, consumption of liquor, just like other ills and evils of society, was also prevalent.
When Prophet Muhammad migrated from Makkah to Madinah he found that the people of Madina were also
indulged in drinking. The masses were so attracted by the superficial and deceptive benefits offered by drinking that
their minds became oblivious of the harmful effects and the evils lurking within these addictions.
Our Prophet was the finest model who set the best example of his sublime characteristic, so much that whatever
was yet to be declared prohibited His habit and nature made him detest it from the very outset. Besides Prophet
Muhammad, other companions of the Prophet also refrained from consuming alcoholic beverages even when these
On Reaching Madinah, some of companions of Prophet realized the evil in liquor. So, Hazrat Umar Farooq, Maaz Ibn Jabal, and some of the other companions approached Prophet Muhammad and questioned him regarding alcohol and gambling, which they thought was ruining not only man\u2019s intellect but also his wealth.
In response to this query, the above verse (2:219) was revealed and it constituted the first of a series of revelations
leading to the final and conclusive verse, which prohibited and declared prohibited (haram) both gambling and
Although the above verse dose not prohibit alcohol clearly but it clearly indicates the harms of alcohol and also the fact that it not liked by ALLAH. At least this verse presents an advice for abstaining from the usage of alcohol. This is why some of the companions after hearing this verse immediately stopped consuming alcohol and accepted this advice.
On the other hand, some of the other companions resumed that this verse did not declare alcohol prohibited, so
they declared that it overtakes full precaution and law, that a mediate consumption of alcohol would not be
harmful. However, shortly an incident occurred which brought about a sudden change in the situation. One day,
Thereafter, while still in a state of intoxication, the Maghrib Prayer was performed. The leader of congregation
(Imam) who was also drunk made an error in his recitation of Surah Kafiroon. Upon this, the second step was taken
to prevent the consumption of alcohol, by the revelation of the following verse:
This verse now declared alcohol prohibited in clear-cut terms but the consumption was for the duration of prayer
times, and at other periods, it was still permissible. With this second warning many more of the companions of the
Prophet refrained completely from drinking Alcohol, reasoning that what good can there be in something that
deprives one from Prayer.
There were others however, who drank liquor during the intervening periods of prayer until the following incident took place: Uthmaan Ibn Maalik invited a few companions for a meal. After the meal, as was customary liquor was served. Thereafter, they became involved in another Arab custom, reciting poetry praising oneself, family and clan
During this gathering, Hazrat Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas (R.A) recited a few lines of poetry in which he criticized and
belittled the Ansars of Madinah. Hearing this, an Ansari (R.A) youth became enraged and threw a bone at him, which
inflicted a severe wound on the head of Saad Ibn Waqqas (R.A).
O you who believe! intoxicants and games of chance and (sacrificing to) stones set up and (dividing by)arrows are only an uncleanness, the Shaitan's work; shun it therefore that you may be successful. The Shaitan only desires to cause enmity and hatred to spring in your midst by means of intoxicants and games of chance, and to keep you off from the remembrance of Allah and from prayer. Will you then desist?(SURAH MAIDA 5:90-91)
In the verse under discussion, ALLAH says that there is much harm in alcohol and that is the reason for its
prohibition. As a rule, we see that ALLAH has prohibited those things for us, which are harmful for us, and this is
what medical science is telling us nowadays. Like we saw in the case of pork meat, blood and dead meat under
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