Odeiis a personification of storm clouds.
Sorginakare both mythological beings that travel with Mariand real witches.
Tartalo: the Basque version of the Greco-RomanCyclops.
The Urtzi controversy The existence of a Basque mythological figure,
, has beenquestioned in numerous discussions. The argument for
being aBasque sky god is based on two main arguments. The first main argument is that Basque has numerous meteorologicalterms which contain forms of the root
. This has led to a popularmodern interpretation of Urtzi asa sky god. It should also bementioned that the modernBasque word for sky,
andthat the word
is notproductive anymore. The second argument isbased on the 12th century account, theCodex Calixtinus, of Aymeric
Picaud, a French pilgrim, who recorded a number of Basque words andexpressions, saying about Urtzi:
et Deus uocant Urcia
("and theyname God as Urcia".) Since the remaining material Picaud recordedappears to be very accurate, this bears some weight.However, there are no legends at all related to such a god andPicaud remains the only explicit reference to date. This had led to thealternative theory that this may have been a generic term for "sky"and that Picaud may have simply "pointed at the sky" looking for theword for God and been supplied the word for "sky". This explanation isto some degree supported by the unexpectedabsolutivecase ending
, which neither inProto-Basqueor modern Basque appearsonproper nouns. To date neither theory has been able to convincefully.