Vrihadjataka, Vrhat Samhita, Rajvallabha, Rasratnasamuchya, Shushrut Shanita, GarudPurana , mention gems related to planets.
Manimala mentions different traits of “pushparagam”, sloka 388:
“Aapeetpanduruchirah pashanah pushpragamsangyastu”
A certain ash coloured stone having a beautiful yellowish shade goes by the name of topaz.Please note that yellow sapphire belongs to corundum class and is found with blue sapphire.Topaz is an entirely different gemstone with a far lesser value then its popular falsecounterpart.For your benefit here is the technical structure of the gemstones as mentioned earlier:
Properties Yellow sapphire(Peela Neelam)Yellow Topaz(Pukhraj)Citrine(Sold as topaz)Crystal System
Trigonal orthorhombic trigonal crystalsystem
six‐sided barrelshape tapering topyramidterminationselongate,prismaticEnantiomorphic
9 8.00 7 to 7 1/2
1.760 to 1.773 1.610 to 1.630 1.550.
3.90 to 4.10 3.54 2.6 ‐ 2.7
Yellow Yellow Yellow
Topaz or Pukhraja Yellow sapphire or PeelaneelamCitrineAs it must be clear through the pictures, all the three gemstones look equally alike andappear like Pukhraja. A true Pukhraja can only be determined through lab tests. It isgenerally clean and should not cost much.
Yellow sapphire which is sold as Pukhraja is notpukhraja and it is a very expensive gemstone.
Manimala sloka 395
, author says:
“ That a man who wears a faultlessly yellow topaz possessed of a beautiful shade, weighty,exceedingly cool, flawless, and perfectly round, reaps fame, heroism, happiness, wealth and length of