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Chaotic Dynamics Lab Report

Chaotic Dynamics Lab Report

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Published by Sameer Saini
The aim of this experiment is to analyse the motion of a simple pendulum system and its transition into chaos. The experiment as a whole displayed the differences between the linear pendulum and non-linear pendulum, in terms of what their corresponding motions are capable of and it attempted to show that transition into chaos would follow Feigenbaum’s constant.
The aim of this experiment is to analyse the motion of a simple pendulum system and its transition into chaos. The experiment as a whole displayed the differences between the linear pendulum and non-linear pendulum, in terms of what their corresponding motions are capable of and it attempted to show that transition into chaos would follow Feigenbaum’s constant.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Sameer Saini on Aug 31, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/08/2012

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Mathematica models of non-linear dynamics
By Sameer Saini
 
The aim of this experiment is to analyse the motion of a simple pendulum system and its transitioninto chaos. The experiment as a whole displayed the differences between the linear pendulum and non-linear pendulum, in terms of what their corresponding motions are capable of and it attempted to show that transition into chaos would follow Feigenbaum’s constant.
 
Introduction
Background Theory
Simple Pendulum
The equation for a simple linear pendulum is:
 g

 L

 L
'
=
 f 
cos

The equation for a simple non-linear pendulum is: 
 g
sin

 L

 L
'
=
 f 
sin
Where g is acceleration due to gravity, L is the length of the pendulum, M is the Mass, γ is thedamping, f is the magnitude of the driving force and Ω is the frequency of the driving force.
Feigenbaum constant
Feigenbaum’s constant is the limiting ratio of each bifurcation interval to the next, or between thediameters of successive circles on the real axis of the Mandelbrot set. This number can be related tothe period-doubling bifurcations in a polynomial mapping of degree 2. It was shown that it held truefor all one dimensional maps with a single quadratic maximum. As a consequence of this generality,every chaotic system that corresponds to this description will bifurcate at the same rate.Fiegenbuam's constant is 4.6692...
Aim
Investigate chaotic dynamics using mathematica
Method 
Mathematica was used to simulate the motion of a pendulum, using both linear and non-linear equations. Plots of several wave-functions superimposed on one graph where created, with thedriving being varied at small and large angles. This was done to both the linear and non-linear  pendulum equations so as to grasp the differences between the two equations relative to the drivingforces. Another graph was then created in a similar fashion to the previous graphs, but this timeinstead of varying the driving force, the initial velocity was varied. From these results it was possible to deduce the effect the initial conditions would have on the pendulum.The second section of this experiment was to gather an understanding of the transition to chaos, for the non-linear pendulum. We knew that as the system would transit into chaos, there would be period doubling. Using poincare plots we attempted to find these regions, by looking for the pointsat which the periods could be found to start doubling.

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