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Biblical Anthropology: The Study of Man: Part 3A of Bible Basics: Essential Doctrines of the Bible

Biblical Anthropology: The Study of Man: Part 3A of Bible Basics: Essential Doctrines of the Bible

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Published by rdlugi01
Biblical Anthropology: The Study of Man: Part 3A of Bible Basics: Essential
Doctrines of the Bible. Adam, the last Adam, Eve, Adam and Eve, paradise, Eden, the fall, the fall of man, human nature, anthropology, biblical anthropology, the devil's world, the temptations of Christ, the serpent, the garden of Eden, the creation of man, the creation of Adam, the creation of Eve, dichotomy, trichotomy, human spirit, human soul, nephesh, pneuma, ruach, psyche, image of God, likeness of God, Genesis
Biblical Anthropology: The Study of Man: Part 3A of Bible Basics: Essential
Doctrines of the Bible. Adam, the last Adam, Eve, Adam and Eve, paradise, Eden, the fall, the fall of man, human nature, anthropology, biblical anthropology, the devil's world, the temptations of Christ, the serpent, the garden of Eden, the creation of man, the creation of Adam, the creation of Eve, dichotomy, trichotomy, human spirit, human soul, nephesh, pneuma, ruach, psyche, image of God, likeness of God, Genesis

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Published by: rdlugi01 on Aug 31, 2009
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Bible Basics: Essential Doctrines of the BiblePart 3AAnthropology: The Study of Man
(also available on-line at www.ichthys.com) by Dr. Robert D. LuginbillThe creation of man as God’s solution to Satan’s rebellion.
 And God said, “Let Us make Man in Our image, after Our likeness
.
Genesis 1:26 [KJV]
Contents of the Series:
Bible Basics: Essential Doctrines of the BiblePart 1: TheologyPart 2: Angelology (A); Eschatology (B)Part 3: Anthropology (A); Hamartiology (B)Part 4: Christology (A); Soteriology (B)Part 5: PneumatologyPart 6: Peripateology (A); Ecclesiology (B)Part 7: Bibliology
Contents of Part 3A:
I. The Purpose of ManII. The Creation of Man1. The Image and the Likeness of God2. The Creation of Adam3. The Human Spirit4. The Dichotomy of Man5. The Creation of EveIII. Status Quo in ParadiseIV. The Fall of Man1. The Temptation2. The Fall3. The JudgmentV. Status Quo in the Devil’s WorldVI. The Last Adam
 
1
Although this study does contain material that is unique to it, much of what is covered below can be found in greater detail in the Satanic Rebellion series. Readers are invited toconsult those studies after digesting the information presented herein.2
I. The Purpose of Man
One cannot understand God’s purpose in creating Man or the timing of that creation apart fromthe devil’s rebellion which forms its theological backdrop (see Bible Basics Part 2A:Angelology
 
).
1
Before human history began, Satan’s attempt to dethrone God had ended in acomplete and dismal failure (cf. Is.14; Ezek.28), and his nefarious experimentations on earth, theoriginal Eden, had been summarily terminated by a divine intervention that left not only the earth but the surrounding universe as well buried in deep darkness (Gen.1:2 compared with Gen.1:1).This judgment on the universe went hand in hand with God’s condemnation of the devil and hisfallen angels for their rejection of His authority as evidenced in their overt rebellion:Behold, He does not place [unreserved] trust in His servants, but charges [even] Hisangels with error.
Job 4:18
Then He will say to those on His left, “Away from Me, you accursed ones, into theeternal fire [already]
 prepared for the devil and his angels
.
Matthew 25:41
Concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world has been condemned.
John 16:11
But although Satan’s case (and that of his followers) has already been adjudicated and hisultimate fate pronounced, it will not be until after the end of Christ’s millennial rule that thissentence of condemnation will be finally and fully carried out (Rev.20:10; Is.24:21-22; cf.Rev.12:7-9; 12:12). The answer to the oft posed question “why this delay in judgment?” isintimately bound up with God’s gracious creation of another species of morally responsiblecreatures, namely, mankind. Man is meant in no small part as a response to the devil and hisrebellion. In our responsiveness to God, we constitute a living refutation of all the devil’sslanderous lies which have been leveled against the character of God in the course of Satan’srevolt. By creating (and saving) mankind, God is both demonstrating to all angelic kind Hisability to reconcile His wayward creatures to Himself (though the devil claimed He could not or would not), and is actually replacing all that was lost through the devil’s defection (by usheringwilling human beings into the family of God in place of rebellious angels).Thus, though already under sentence of death for his unrepentant attempt to overthrow God’srule over the universe (Job 4:18; Matt.25:41; Jn.16:11), Satan still retains his freedom of action.We find him spying on our first parents in the garden (Gen.3), appearing before the Lord toslander our brethren (Job 1&2; Zech.3; Rev.12:10), and prowling the earth in search of believerswhose defenses are down (1Pet.5:8). Satan is ever re-acting to the plan of God. Therefore thereasons for the devil’s intense interest in mankind are inextricably linked to the reasons for God’s creation of us in the first place:
 
31. Man created to refute Satan and his angels (by demonstrating God’s righteousness in actingmercifully): Every aspect of God’s perfect character is visible in His gracious dealings with thehuman race. Seen from the angelic point of view, however, the demonstration of God’srighteousness in His dealings with mankind most directly answers Satan’s slanders regardingGod’s ability to provide reconciliation (as He does for all sinful human beings who turn to Himin Jesus Christ). From the nature of his rebellion, we can surmise that part of the devil’s appealto his potential followers rested on his assurance that God would be unable to effect any suchreconciliation between Himself and His rebellious creatures. Satan reasoned that God’srighteousness would stand in the way of His mercy and thus make forgiveness impossible.Therefore once he was able to suborn a large number of his fellow angels into choosing againstGod, God would ever after be “in a box”, unable to act in mercy without compromise, unable toexecute punishment without permanently marring His creation in an irreversible way (especiallysince the number of fallen angels is quite large: Rev.12:4; cf. Rev.9:16). No matter how muchHe might dislike it, therefore, God would (in the devil’s thinking) be forced to tolerate Satan’susurpation of power. But the devil’s logic failed to take into account the ineffable love of God,and was oblivious to the idea that our God is a God of such grace that He would even sacrificeHis most beloved possession, His Son, Jesus Christ, on our behalf in order to save us. Satan wascorrect about the righteousness of God preventing His mercy from arbitrarily forgiving sin in anyform, but what the devil did not count on was God’s willingness to pay for sin Himself throughthe sacrifice of His Son, so that we might justly be accounted righteous in His eyes (Rom.1:16-17; 2Cor.5:21).We are saved by faith in the Person and work of the One who died in our place and paid the priceof sin for us, our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. Because Jesus paid the price, God can forgiveour sin, not arbitrarily, but justly, since it has been paid for in full in the most precious coin. Godis therefore not only merciful to forgive us and welcome us back into His family when we believe in Jesus, He is also just in justifying us, righteous in proclaiming us righteous, “not fromworks of righteousness which we have done” (Tit.3:5), but from our acceptance of the work of the One who died for us. Angels being angels (and different in nature and experience frommankind), any decision to rebel against God would be final. Possessed as they are of perceptiveabilities that far exceed our material limitations, it can be truly said of them that “they knew whatthey were getting into” (at least as far as creatures can know). Reconciliation of fallen angels toa merciful God was therefore never a likely possibility – because
they
would not have it,
not 
 because God could not or would not do it (cf. Heb.2:16). The truth of this last point He has proven irrefutably by the loving sacrifice of His only Son on mankind’s behalf, paying a price sosteep we can only dimly comprehend it. If the devil and his angels had been of a mind to receivesuch an incomparable gesture of sacrifice and mercy, God would have generously provided it.By giving up His Son to the cross, God has demonstrated beyond any shadow of a doubt bothHis willingness and His ability to rescue His creatures, for He has in fact done so for us, eventhough it meant paying the price His righteousness demanded with the blood of His own Son.Thus human history is on the one hand a demonstration to angelic kind (elect as well as fallen) of God’s mercy and His ability to act justly in providing that mercy (albeit at tremendous cost toHimself). We human beings are actually experiencing God’s love and mercy as He provides for 

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