e 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea sets out the legal framework within which all activities in the oceans and seas must be carried out. e Convention, in its Preamble, recognizes “the desirability of establishing [...] a legal order for the seas and oceans which will [...] promote [...] the study [...] of the marine environment”. Part XIII of the Convention is entirely devoted to the subject of marine scientiﬁc research. e General Assembly of the United Nations has consistently highlighted the importance of marine science for eradicating poverty, contributing to food security, conserving the world’s marine environment and resources, helping to understand, predict and respond to natural events and promoting the sustainable development of the oceans and seas.One of the tasks of the Division for Ocean Aﬀairs and the Law of the Sea, Oﬃce of Legal Aﬀairs, is to assist States in the uniform and consistent application of the Convention, including through the preparation of relevant publications. In this connection, the Division has revised the United Nations publication, produced in 1991, entitled “Marine Scientiﬁc Research: A guide to the implementation of the relevant provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea”. In this work, the Division was assisted by a Group of Experts which met at United Nations Headquarters in April 2009 for this purpose. e present Guide, among other things, includes practical guidance on the implementation of the provisions of the Convention relating to marine scientiﬁc research based on the outcome of the meeting of the Group of Experts.e Division for Ocean Aﬀairs and the Law of the Sea, Oﬃce of Legal Aﬀairs, is grateful to the Experts for their valuable contribution. eir names are listed in Annex II to this publication.