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The Coming Tribulation: A History of the Apocalypse: Tribulation Part 3A: the Tribulation Begins

The Coming Tribulation: A History of the Apocalypse: Tribulation Part 3A: the Tribulation Begins

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Published by rdlugi01
The Coming Tribulation: A History of the Apocalypse: Tribulation Part 3A: the Tribulation Begins:
I. The Seventh Seal: Revelation 8:1-5
1. The Seven Archangels with the Seven Trumpets
2. The Incense for the Prayers of the Saints
3. The Angel with the Censer and the Golden Altar
4. The Saints and their Prayers
5. The Thunderous Voices, Lightning, and Earthquake
II. The Great Apostasy
1. Definition, Etymology, Process and Prophecies of the Great Apostasy
2. The Situation of the Church and "church-visible" on the Eve of the Tribulation
3. The Causes of the Great Apostasy
4. The Refining of the Remnant
III. The Trumpet Judgments: Revelation 8:6 - 9:21
1. Vegetation Stricken (8:6-7)
2. The Sea Stricken (8:8-9)
3. Fresh Water Stricken (8:10-11)
4. The Heavenly Lights Stricken (8:12-13)
5. The First Woe: Demon Harassment (9:1-12)
6. The Second Woe: Demon Destruction (9:13-19)
7. The Hardness of the Unrepentant (9:20-21)
IV. The Angel and the Little Scroll: Revelation 10:1-11
V. The Two Witnesses: Revelation 11:1-14
The Coming Tribulation: A History of the Apocalypse: Tribulation Part 3A: the Tribulation Begins:
I. The Seventh Seal: Revelation 8:1-5
1. The Seven Archangels with the Seven Trumpets
2. The Incense for the Prayers of the Saints
3. The Angel with the Censer and the Golden Altar
4. The Saints and their Prayers
5. The Thunderous Voices, Lightning, and Earthquake
II. The Great Apostasy
1. Definition, Etymology, Process and Prophecies of the Great Apostasy
2. The Situation of the Church and "church-visible" on the Eve of the Tribulation
3. The Causes of the Great Apostasy
4. The Refining of the Remnant
III. The Trumpet Judgments: Revelation 8:6 - 9:21
1. Vegetation Stricken (8:6-7)
2. The Sea Stricken (8:8-9)
3. Fresh Water Stricken (8:10-11)
4. The Heavenly Lights Stricken (8:12-13)
5. The First Woe: Demon Harassment (9:1-12)
6. The Second Woe: Demon Destruction (9:13-19)
7. The Hardness of the Unrepentant (9:20-21)
IV. The Angel and the Little Scroll: Revelation 10:1-11
V. The Two Witnesses: Revelation 11:1-14

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Published by: rdlugi01 on Aug 31, 2009
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1
The Coming Tribulation: a History of the Apocalypse
 
Part 3: The Tribulation Begins
 
Subpart A: From the Seventh Seal to the Two Witnesses
 Revelation 8:1 - 11:14(also available on-line at www.ICHTHYS.com)by Dr. Robert D. Luginbill
Contents of the Series
: The Coming TribulationPart 1: Introduction (Rev.1)Part 2: The Time of the Tribulation and the Signs of its Coming (Rev.2-7)Part 3: The Tribulation Commences (Rev.8-11:14)Part 4: The Great Tribulation (Rev.11:15-15:8)Part 5: Armageddon and the Second Advent (Rev.16-19)Part 6: Last Things (Rev.20-22:5)Part 7: Preparing for Tribulation (Rev.22:6-21)
Contents of Part 3A
:I. The Seventh Seal: Revelation 8:1-51. The Seven Archangels with the Seven Trumpets2. The Incense for the Prayers of the Saints3. The Angel with the Censer and the Golden Altar4. The Saints and their Prayers5. The Thunderous Voices, Lightning, and EarthquakeII. The Great Apostasy1. Definition, Etymology, Process and Prophecies of the Great Apostasy2. The Situation of the Church and “church-visible” on the Eve of the Tribulation3. The Causes of the Great Apostasy4. The Refining of the RemnantIII. The Trumpet Judgments: Revelation 8:6 - 9:211. Vegetation Stricken (8:6-7)2. The Sea Stricken (8:8-9)3. Fresh Water Stricken (8:10-11)4. The Heavenly Lights Stricken (8:12-13)5. The First Woe: Demon Harassment (9:1-12)6. The Second Woe: Demon Destruction (9:13-19)7. The Hardness of the Unrepentant (9:20-21)IV. The Angel and the Little Scroll: Revelation 10:1-11V. The Two Witnesses: Revelation 11:1-14
Introduction:
Four major trends, two divine and two satanic, dominate the events of theTribulation’s first half (the subject of our present study). Within each of these two pairs, we find
 
2one trend concerned with the spiritual matters and one with the temporal events whichcharacterize those first three and one half years. These four trends are, on the spiritual level, themassive falling away from truth on the part of believers on the one hand (the Great Apostasy:section II), and the unique movement of worldwide evangelism on the part of the 144,000 on theother (represented by the two witnesses who direct them: section V), and, on the level of worldevents, the rise to power and military expansion of antichrist on the one hand (Part 3B), andGod’s warning judgments to the world on the other (the Trumpet Judgments: section III):Satanic DivineSpiritual level: The Great Apostasy < > Worldwide evangelismTemporal level: The Rise of Antichrist < > Worldwide warning judgmentsWith the removal of Holy Spirit restraint (covered in detail in the previous installment of thisseries, part 2B), the increasing lawlessness of the world will be preeminently evident in itsrejection of truth (even on the part of former believers who will fall into apostasy in greatnumbers). This rejection will fly in the face of the unparalleled evangelism of the world Jewishcommunity by the 144,000 under the direction of Moses and Elijah. A similar opposition of trends will be seen in the unprecedentedly swift and complete accession to power on the part of antichrist, coupled with his correspondingly impressive political and military successes,contrasted to the equally extraordinary worldwide judgments that will emanate from God,designed to warn the world of these dangers. These pairs of trends are entirely interconnected.For just as the warning judgments will also serve as a call to repent and turn back to God, so therejection of the remarkable evangelism which will fill the world at that time will serve to invokeGod’s judgment. And just as this wholesale rejection of truth on the part of believers andunbelievers alike at that time will leave them completely vulnerable to antichrist’s charisma andappeal, so his rise would be impossible without this prior worldwide diminution of respect forthe truth.
I. The Seventh Seal: Revelation 8:1-5
 Revelation 8:1-5:And when He opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven for about half an hour.And I saw the seven angels who stood before God, and seven trumpets were given tothem. And another angel with a golden censer came and stood by the altar, and muchincense was given to him so that he might offer it for the prayers of the saints on thegolden altar in front of the throne. And smoke from the incense went up from the hand of the angel before God for the prayers of the saints. Then the angel took the incense holder
 
3and filled it with f ire from the altar and threw it to the earth. And there occurredthunderous voices
1
and flashes of lightning and an earthquake.As our Lord opens the last seal in the scroll which decrees His revelation to the world, theunveiling thereby of the details contained within it of all the horrific events which must precedeHis glorious return produce an awed silence in the heavenly temple which is said to last for “half an hour”. As is common in biblical usage, hours, days, weeks, etc. often stand for larger timeperiods in purely human terms (a device whereby the insignificance of worldlyevents ascompared to heavenly control and divine sovereignty over time is emphasized).
2
Such isundoubtedly the case here as well, and it is best to see this particular “half hour” as a one half year delay in the unleashing of the Tribulation, a circumstance which postpones the beginning of the end times from the spring (the time of the crucifixion; see the previous footnote forreference) to the fall, thereby bringing it about that both the beginning of the Tribulation and itsend at our Lord’s return seven years later will coincide with the time of the Jewish fall festivals(Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, and Succoth [“booths”]) to which festivals these eventssymbolically correspond.
3
 1. The Seven Archangels with the Seven Trumpets: Although not explicitly identified as suchhere, these seven angels “who stand in state before God” (literally a Greek perfect tense), are, infact, archangels (cf. “I am Gabriel, who stands before God” in Lk.1:19). That is why they are“the” seven angels, the definite article here serving to distinguish them from the angelic rank andfile. It will be remembered from our previous treatment of angelic duties that the archangels(also known as princes [
sariym
], and rulers [
archai
]), occupy a primarily martial office (we maythink of them as equivalent to “generals”).
4
Their duties include not only combat with satanicforces (Dan.10:13-14; Rev.12:7-8), but also making proclamations (i.e., “orders”, oftenaccompanied by the military trumpet: cf. 1Thes.4:16), and, as in our context here, theadministration of divine judgments upon the earth. As can be seen both from this passage andfrom Revelation 15:7, they constitute a college of seven (Gabriel and Michael being the only twonamed in scripture) who stand before the heavenly throne, ever ready to carry out God’smandates. They are the highest ranking angels to undertake such missions on earth, the cherubsremaining with the chariot throne, and the elders before it in the third heaven (Dan.8:16; 9:21;10:13; 10:20-21; 12:1; Lk.1:19; 1:26; Eph.1:21; 1Thes.4:16; Jude 9; Rev.7:2; 15:7). Thearchangels often have paraphernalia appropriate to their particular missions; e.g., trumpets for
1
Literally, “thunders and voices”, but these are one and the same, for the voices are words of God, incomprehensible to the world at large, which are comparable to thunder, thoughdiscernible from it (cf. Jn.12:28-30; and see below).
 
2
See The Satanic Rebellion: Part 5: “Judgment, Restoration and Replacement”, section II.8,“Evidence for the “The Seven Days of Re-Creation”.
 
3
See The Satanic Rebellion: Part 5: “Judgment, Restoration and Replacement”, section II.8.c“The Jewish Ceremonial Calendar”.
 
4
See The Satanic Rebellion: Part 4: “Satan’s World System”, section III.3.b.3, “Archangels”.
 

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