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The Coming Tribulation: A History of the Apocalypse: Tribulation Part 5: Armageddon and the Second Advent

The Coming Tribulation: A History of the Apocalypse: Tribulation Part 5: Armageddon and the Second Advent

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Published by rdlugi01
The Coming Tribulation: A History of the Apocalypse: Tribulation Part 5: Armageddon and the Second Advent:
I. The Bowl Judgments: Revelation 16:1-21
1. Sores (1-2)
2. Sea Turned to Blood (3)
3. Waters Turned to Blood (4-7)
4. Scorching Heat (8-9)
5. Darkness (10-11)
6. Preparation for Armageddon (12-16)
7. Earthquake and Hail (17-21)
II. Judgment on Babylon: Revelation 17:1 - 19:4
III. The Beast’s Armageddon Crusade
IV. Signs of the Second Advent: Revelation 19:5
V. The Resurrection of the Lamb’s Bride: Revelation 19:6-10
VI. The Repentance of Israel
VII. The Second Advent and Armageddon: Revelation 19:11-21
1. The Word of God (11-16)
2. The Invitation to the Slaughter (17-18)
3. Antichrist and his Armies (19)
4. The Seizure of the Beast and his False Prophet (20)
5. The Battle of Armageddon (21)
The Coming Tribulation: A History of the Apocalypse: Tribulation Part 5: Armageddon and the Second Advent:
I. The Bowl Judgments: Revelation 16:1-21
1. Sores (1-2)
2. Sea Turned to Blood (3)
3. Waters Turned to Blood (4-7)
4. Scorching Heat (8-9)
5. Darkness (10-11)
6. Preparation for Armageddon (12-16)
7. Earthquake and Hail (17-21)
II. Judgment on Babylon: Revelation 17:1 - 19:4
III. The Beast’s Armageddon Crusade
IV. Signs of the Second Advent: Revelation 19:5
V. The Resurrection of the Lamb’s Bride: Revelation 19:6-10
VI. The Repentance of Israel
VII. The Second Advent and Armageddon: Revelation 19:11-21
1. The Word of God (11-16)
2. The Invitation to the Slaughter (17-18)
3. Antichrist and his Armies (19)
4. The Seizure of the Beast and his False Prophet (20)
5. The Battle of Armageddon (21)

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Published by: rdlugi01 on Aug 31, 2009
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1 
The Coming Tribulation: a History of the Apocalypse
 
Part 5: Armageddon and the 2
nd
Advent
 Revelation 16:1 - 19:21(also available on-line at www.ICHTHYS.com)by Dr. Robert D. Luginbill
Contents of the Series
: The Coming TribulationPart 1: Introduction (Rev.1)Part 2: The Time of the Tribulation and the Signs of its Coming (Rev.2-7)Part 3: The Tribulation Commences (Rev.8-11:14)Part 4: The Great Tribulation (Rev.11:15-15:8)Part 5: Armageddon and the Second Advent (Rev.16-19)Part 6: Last Things (Rev.20-22:5)Part 7: Preparing for Tribulation (Rev.22:6-21)
Contents of Part 5
:I. The Bowl Judgments: Revelation 16:1-211. Sores (1-2)2. Sea Turned to Blood (3)3. Waters Turned to Blood (4-7)4. Scorching Heat (8-9)5. Darkness (10-11)6. Preparation for Armageddon (12-16)7. Earthquake and Hail (17-21)II. Judgment on Babylon: Revelation 17:1 - 19:4III. The Beast’s Armageddon CrusadeIV. Signs of the Second Advent: Revelation 19:5V. The Resurrection of the Lamb’s Bride: Revelation 19:6-10VI. The Repentance of IsraelVII. The Second Advent and Armageddon: Revelation 19:11-211. The Word of God (11-16)2. The Invitation to the Slaughter (17-18)3. Antichrist and his Armies (19)4. The Seizure of the Beast and his False Prophet (20)5. The Battle of Armageddon (21)
Introduction:
From the point of view of believers, the overarching event of the Tribulation’ssecond half has been the Great Persecution and the martyrdom it has entailed as our adversarythe devil through his son the beast has been attempting to eliminate faith and the faithful fromthe earth entirely. Had this evil process and the regime of antichrist been allowed to continue
 
2uninterrupted for much longer, not only would it have meant an end to the remnant of faith uponthe earth, but it is also the case that “no flesh would have survived”. It is precisely “for the sakeof the elect” that our Lord has “shortened the days” (Mk.13:20). Beginning with the bowl judgments in the Tribulation’s final year, God’s direct and powerful intervention into humanevents will complicate Satan and the beast’s control of the world, leading inexorably andineluctably to our Lord Jesus Christ’s return in judgment and glory at Armageddon, and grantingbelievers a measure of respite in the process. For those who have survived until this point, themessage is clear: “Be strong! Don’t be afraid! Behold! Your God will come, as an Avenger.[Your] God will come, as a Rewarder. He will come, and He will deliver you.” (Is.35:4b).(25) “And there will be signs in the sun and the moon and the stars, and on the earth therewill be [great] distress among the nations [who will be greatly] bewildered by the roaringof the sea and [its massive] waves, (26) [and] men will lose heart out of fear andexpectation of what is about to come upon the inhabited world. For the luminaries of theheavens will be [powerfully] shaken. (27) And then they will see the Son of Man comingin a cloud with power and much glory. (28)
When these things begin to happen, stand up and raise up your heads, because your redemption is near.
(29) Then He told them aparable. “Look at the fig tree and all its leaves. (30) When they have already come out[like this], you can see for yourselves by examining it that summer is near. (31) So alsowhen you see that all things have come to pass, know that the Kingdom of God is near.
Luke 21:25-31
 
I. The Bowl Judgments: Revelation 16:1-21
 As to the precise placement of the bowl judgments in the chronology of the Great Tribulation,scripture provides a number of clues which give us the ability to project a plausible time-line fortheir occurrence. As is made clear throughout chapter sixteen, the exact terminus for the bowl judgments is Armageddon and the Second Advent (see esp. Rev.16:16-17), since both of theseevents and the build-up to them are part and parcel of bowls six and seven. Further, the start-point for these seven judgments must occur at some point during the Tribulation’s final three anda half years (obviously, in that, along with everything else which follows Revelation 11:15-19and precedes Christ’s return in chapter 19, they are part of the seventh trumpet which representsthe Great Tribulation). So although there is clearly a relationship (and many obvious parallels)between the seven judgments of warning and the seven judgments of punishment, at first glanceit may seem impossible for the bowls to parallel the trumpets in terms of raw time since the totalnumber of months of warning comprised by the trumpet judgments is 63 (when the 42 months of the seventh trumpet, the Great Tribulation, are included in the count). On the other hand, thetermini provided by the start and stop points of the Great Tribulation can provide us with only 42months at most. In actuality, of course, the linear total has to be far fewer than 42, since a gooddeal of time must be allowed at the beginning of the Great Tribulation for the Great Persecution(for it is to this offence that the bowls constitute a divine response; cf. Rev.16:5-7). The correctsolution lies in positing an
 overlap
in the effects of the bowl judgments (i.e., a continuation of the effects of each judgment even as the next in sequence begins, with the effects of all sevencontinuing until Christ’s return). In this way it is possible to telescope these seven in a manner
 
3
 
that will both yield a total of 63 total (partially overlapping) months of judgment parallel to the63 (sequential) months of warning represented by the Trumpet Judgments, while at the sametime allowing the Bowl Judgments to fit into the Great Tribulation’s second half in a reasonableand workable way.See Figure #1 at rear: “The Seven Bowl Judgments”The above schema is certainly in keeping with the rising crescendo of punishment designed to beunbearable in contrast to the sequential and (relatively) endurable hardships of the warning judgments. Bowls six and seven, which comprise the entire Armageddon campaign along withall of the other events which precede the Second Advent, form the anchor for this system. Since,as we have already seen,Armageddon and our Lord’s return occur in the fall (as symbolized bythe Day of Atonement),
1
and since the events of bowls six and seven will almost certainlyrequire the bulk of the preceding summer and spring (the summoning and transporting of thebeast’s armies to Israel from throughout the world being a particularly time-consuming logisticaltask), the positing of six and seven months for the seventh and six bowl judgments respectivelyfits the evidence. This schema also has in its favor the fact that the supplying of a further monthfor each additional bowl judgment working backward (i.e., totals of 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and,finally, 12 months for each bowl judgment from the seventh to the first respectively) yields thedesired total of 63 months reckoned in overlapping total, yet manages to do so in only 12 monthsof overall, linear chronological time (as can be seen from the diagram above).This modeling of the likely chronology of the bowl judgments also has in its favor:1) It allows for the fact that just as the seven trumpets constituted a build up to the GreatTribulation, so the seven bowls constitute a rising crescendo of judgment in anticipation of thereturn of our Lord and His judgment of the beast, the devil, and all their minions at the battle of Armageddon.2) It allows for the fact that, inasmuch as these judgments are in no small part the divineresponse the Great Persecution (chap.14-15 plus 16:5-7; cf. Is.35:4; Rev.19:15), sufficient timemust first pass for that persecution to take place before the bowl judgments begin (and, as wehave seen, the persecution is allowed to take its course for quite some time).3) It allows for the bowl judgments to fit into the gap between the Great Persecution andArmageddon (and it is difficult to see how this could extend much past the suggested chronologyof the Tribulation’s final year).4) It allows for the time required for all of the armies of the world to gather for Armageddon, thesubject of the fifth and sixth bowl judgments, with this assembly taking place during the springand summer of the final tribulational year, and with Armageddon itself taking place in the fall
1
See The Satanic Rebellion: Part 5: “Judgment, Restoration and Replacement”, section III.8.c,“The Jewish Ceremonial Calendar”.

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