Scientists theorize that because melatonin levels are low during the day and high at night, melatonin may instruct
the body when it is day or night, enabling the body to adapt and meet the demands of its changing environment.
Melatonin may also provide seasonal cues by, for instance, informing the body about the longer nights that occur in
winter and the shorter nights in summer.
Other studies have found that melatonin levels in the body decline with age in humans, leading some researchers to
speculate that melatonin acts as an antiaging hormone by alleviating some of the adverse effects of aging such as
heart disease. (TUREK, FRED W. "MELATONIN." MICROSOFT ENCARTA 2007)
The hormone melatonin prepares the body for sleep by slowing down peoples' physical movements, making them
sleepy and tired, and functioning as a natural tranquillizer that eases their minds. During sleep, heartbeat and
respiration rhythms slow down and blood pressure falls. In the morning, the production of the hormones stops and
the body is stimulated to awaken. ("MELATONING THE GROWTH HORMONE,\u201cHEALTH JOURNAL)
Many activities that take place during the day slow down and rest during the night. In plants, for instance,
perspiration in leaves and photosynthesis begin to rise when the Sun rises. In the afternoon, the situation is
reversed. In other words, photosynthesis slows down and respiration increases since perspiration is accelerated as
the temperature rises. At night time, as the temperature falls, perspiration slows down and the plant rests. Most
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