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Ancondroplasia Dwarfism

Ancondroplasia Dwarfism

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Published by jordandean
General research paper on Achondroplasia dwarfism. Please do not plagiarize as this has been turned in through turnitin.com and you will get caught.
General research paper on Achondroplasia dwarfism. Please do not plagiarize as this has been turned in through turnitin.com and you will get caught.

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Published by: jordandean on Aug 31, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Jordan HarrisAnatomy and Physiology ITTH 11amDr. JalowayskiWord Count: 21201
Achondroplasia is a type of dwarfism caused by a genetic anomaly. Most cases,almost 80%, occur spontaneously. However, this gene is dominant and can be passed on by a parent with the disorder. The mutated gene causes defects in the embryo’s cartilagethat leads to bone deformities. Achondroplasia is characterized by a normal sized headand torso and shorter than normal limbs. People with this disorder generally do not growtaller than 55 inches tall. Defects in the spinal canal can cause serious problems with paralysis and hydrocephalus. Although these complications can usually be successfullytreated, at this time there is no treatment or cure for the achondroplasia itself.2
Achondroplasia Dwarfism
The term dwarfism, although sometimes used to refer specifically toachondroplasia, is actually a broader term that describes short stature in both adults andchildren (Davidson 2007). Dwarfism in general is defined as adults who are four feet teninches or less (Carson-Dewitt 2006). Some people with achondroplasia will not evengrow past twenty-four inches in height and most are less than fifty-five inches tall(Murphy). Achondroplasia is a type of dwarfism that is characterized by short statureand limbs that are disproportionately short compared to their torso (Davidson 2007). Theterm achondroplasia can be broken down; the “a” refers to a lack of, “chondro” refers tocartilage, and “plasia” to formation (Murphy 2002). This type of dwarfism is the mostcommonly occurring type of dwarfism and is part of a group of disorders calledChondodystrophies which are all disorders of the cartilage and therefore ultimately of the bone (Carson-Dewitt 2006). Because the basic cartilage, which is the foundations of all born formation, is defective in a fetus that has this condition the results are stunted boneformation (Murphy 2002). Achondroplasia occurs in approximately one in ten thousandlive births (Carson-Dewitt 2006). This form of dwarfism occurs among all races andequally between men and women (Murphy 2002).CAUSESAchondroplasia is caused by a genetic defect that is a dominant trait, meaning thatanyone who receives the gene for this disorder will show all the symptoms of 3

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