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Security Market - Report

Security Market - Report

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Published by Chandan Kumar Das
An Overview of the India Financial Market and its procedures, way of issuance etc. Shows both Primary Market and Secondary Markets.
An Overview of the India Financial Market and its procedures, way of issuance etc. Shows both Primary Market and Secondary Markets.

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Published by: Chandan Kumar Das on Aug 31, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/07/2012

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Submitted to :Dr. Harish HandaSubmitted By :Chandan Kumar Das(07-II-712)
 
Introduction
The field of 
finance
refers to the concepts of time,moneyandrisk and how they are interrelated.Banksare the main facilitators of fundingthrough the provision of credit, although private equity,mutual funds,hedge funds, and other organizations have become important. Financialassets, known asinvestments, arefinancially managedwith careful attention tofinancial risk managementto controlfinancial risk .Financial instrumentsallow many forms of securitizedassets to betradedonsecurities exchangessuch asstock exchanges, includingdebtsuch as bondsas well asequityin publicly-traded corporations. Ineconomics, a
financial market
is a mechanism that allows people to easily buy andsell (trade) financialsecurities(such as stocks and bonds),commodities(such as precious metals or agricultural goods), and other fungibleitems of value at lowtransaction costsand at prices that reflect theefficient-market hypothesis. Financial markets have evolved significantly over several hundred years and areundergoing constant innovation to improve liquidity. Both general markets (where many commodities are traded) and specialized markets(where only one commodity is traded) exist. Markets work by placing many interested buyers and sellers in one "place", thus making it easier for them to find each other. Aneconomy which relies primarily on interactions between buyers and sellers to allocateresources is known as amarket economyin contrast either to acommand economyor to anon-market economysuch as agift economy. Infinance, financial markets facilitate – 
The raising of capital(in thecapital markets);
The transfer of risk (in thederivatives markets);
International trade(in thecurrency markets)  – and are used to match those who want capital to those who have it.Typically a borrower issues areceiptto the lender promising to pay back the capital.These receipts aresecuritieswhich may be freely bought or sold. In return for lendingmoney to the borrower, the lender will expect some compensation in the formof interestor dividends.
 
Definition
Ineconomics, typically, the term market means the aggregate of possible buyers andsellers of a thing and the transactions between them.The term "market" is sometimes used for what are more strictly exchanges, organizationsthat facilitate the trade in financial securities, e.g., astock exchangeor commodity exchange. This may be a physical location (like the NYSE) or an electronic system (like NASDAQ). Much trading of stocks takes place on an exchange; still,corporate actions(merger, spinoff) are outside an exchange, while any two companies or people,for whatever reason, may agree to sell stock from the one to the other without using anexchange.Trading of currenciesand bondsis largely on a bilateral basis, although some bonds trade on a stock exchange, and people are building electronic systems for these as well, similar to stock exchanges.Financial markets can be domestic or they can be international.Types of financial marketsThe financial markets can be divided into different subtypes:
Capital marketswhich consist of:
Stock markets, which provide financing through the issuance of shares or commonstock , and enable the subsequent trading thereof.
Bond markets, which provide financing through the issuance of   bonds, and enable the subsequent trading thereof.
Commodity markets, which facilitate the trading of commodities.
Money markets,which provide short term debt financing and investment.
Derivatives markets, which provide instruments for the management of financialrisk.
Futures markets, which provide standardizedforward contractsfor trading  products at some future date; see alsoforward market.
Insurance markets, which facilitate the redistribution of various risks.
Foreign exchange markets, which facilitate the trading of  foreign exchange.

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