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Benefits of FMEA

Benefits of FMEA

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Published by baranirajsalem

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Published by: baranirajsalem on Aug 31, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Design DetailGetCorrective Action
 requiredFunctional Block diagram
Determine Failure
OccurrenDetectioTeam ReviewFMEA Work SheetReview  No changes requiredDistribute to usersDesignTechnicalManufacturinReliableEquipment
FMEAPrerequisitesFunctional Block DiagramTeam ReviewFunctional ModeAnalysis and preparation of worksheetsCorrectiveAction
Figure 1.FMEAProcess
Benefits of FMEA
FMEA is designed to assist the engineer improve the quality and reliabilityof design. Properly used the FMEA provides the engineer several benefits.Among others, these benefits include:
Improve product/process reliability and quality
Increase customer satisfaction
Early identification and elimination of potential product/process failuremodes
Prioritize product/process deficiencies
Capture engineering/organization knowledge
Emphasizes problem prevention
Documents risk and actions taken to reduce risk
Provide focus for improved testing and development
Minimizes late changes and associated costCatalyst for teamwork and idea exchange between functions
Team for conducting/reviewing an FMEA
 – Project Manager  – Design Engineer (hardware/software/systems) – Test Engineer  – Reliability Engineer  – Quality Engineer  – Field Service Engineer  – Manufacturing/Process Engineer  – Safety EngineeringOutside supplier engineering and/or manufacturing could be added to the team.Customer representation is recommended if a joint development programbetween user/supplier exists.
The purpose of performing an FMEA is to analyze the product's designcharacteristics relative to the planned manufacturing process and experimentdesign to ensure that the resultant product meets customer needs andexpectations. When potential failure modes are identified, corrective action canbe taken to eliminate them or to continually reduce a potential occurrence. TheFMEA also documents the rationale for the chosen manufacturing process. Itprovides for an organized critical analysis of potential failure modes and theassociated causes for the system being defined. The technique uses occurrenceand detection probabilities in conjunction with severity criteria to develop a riskpriority number (RPN) for ranking corrective action considerations.FMEA's provide the engineer with a tool that can assist in providing reliable, safe,and customer pleasing products and processes. Since FMEA help the engineer identify potential product or process failures, they can use it to:
Develop product or process requirements that minimize the likelihood of those failures.
Evaluate the requirements obtained from the customer or otheparticipants in the design process to ensure that those requirements donot introduce potential failures.
Identify design characteristics that contribute to failures and design themout of the system or at least minimize the resulting effects.
Develop methods and procedures to develop and test the product/processto ensure that the failures have been successfully eliminated.
Track and manage potential risks in the design. Tracking the riskscontributes to the development of corporate memory and the success of future products as well.
Ensure that any failures that could occur will not injure or seriously impactthe customer of the product/process.

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