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1961 US Army Vietnam War Army Forces in Amphibious Operations 353p

1961 US Army Vietnam War Army Forces in Amphibious Operations 353p

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Published by: wwwsurvivalebookscom on Aug 31, 2009
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05/13/2010

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MM
31-12
DEPARTMENT
OF
THE
ARMY
FIELDMANUAL
ARMY
FORCES
IN
AMPHIBIOUS 
OPERATIONS
(THE 
ARMY
LANDING
FORCE)
HEADQUARTERS,
DEPARTMENT 
OF
THE
ARM?
MARCH
1961
AGO 
47MB
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM
 
FM
31-12
C
I
FIELD
MANUAL
ARMY
FORCES
IN
AMPHIBIOUS
OPERATIONS
(THE
ARMY
LANDING
FORCE)
FM
31-12
]
HEADQUARTERS,
L
DEPARTMENT
OF
THE
ARMY
CHANGES
No.
ij
WASHINGTON
25,
D.C.,
12
June
1963
FM
31-12,
28
March
1961, is
changed
as
follows:
Substitute
the
phrase
"combat
service
support"
for
the
phrase
"administrativesupport"
throughout this
manual.
Delete
the
last
paragraph
of
the
FOREWORD.
I.
Purpose
and
Scope
*******
.
Users
of
this
manual
*
*
*
and
complete
evaluation.
Com
ments
should
be
forwarded direct
to
the
U.
S.
Army
Combat
De
velopments
Command, Combined
Arms
Agency
(ATTN:
CAGCA-
CJ),
Fort
Leavenworth,
Kans.
*
*
* * * * *
3.
Relation
to Navy
and
Marine
Corps
Doctrine
a.
When
an
amphibious
*
* *
under
naval.doctrine.
Pertinent
Army-Navy-Marine
Corps
doctrine
is
set
forth
in
the
joint
publi
cation
FM
31-11,
Naval
Warfare
Publication
(NWP)
22A,
and
Landing
Force
Manual
(LFM)
01.
Naval
tactics,
techniques
and
proceduresare
set
forth
in
NavalWarfare Information
Publica
tions
(NWIP's
Series
22
and Marine Corps
Landing
ForceManuals
(LFM's).
*******
6.
Definition
(Superseded)
An
amphibious
operation
is
an
attack
launched
from
the
sea by
naval
and
landingforces
involving a
landing
on
a hostile shore.
10.
Types
of
Amphibious Operations
*******
.
Secondary Types.
Secondary
types
of
* *
*
are
as
follows:
TAGO
9260B June
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM
 
(2)
Amphibious
raid.
Landings
from
the 
* *
tional
warfare
activities
(ch.
9).
A
special
type 
of
am
phibious 
raid
is
the
amphibious
reconnaissance 
which is
a 
landing
conducted
by
small 
elements,
involving
stealth 
ratherthan force
of
arms
and
which normally
includes
aplanned
retraction
of
the
landed
elements.
It 
is 
conducted 
for
the 
purpose
of
securing information.
It
is
frequently 
employed
during
the
initial
preparations
prior 
to an am 
phibious
attack.
It
is
also
employedto
establish
or
main
tain
coordination 
with 
or
tosupport
unconventional 
warfare
and
intelligence 
agencies.
*******
4)
Rescinded
II. 
Operational
Sequence
6.
The
successive
events
**
*
land
campaign
are 
*
* 
**
***
(6)
Termination.
Termination
of
the
* * *
the
initiating
directive.
The firm 
establishment of
the 
Armylanding
force
on
the
shore 
is
usually 
specified
as
one
of
these 
con
ditions
(par. 33).
Dissolution
of
the
* * *
the
amphibiousoperation.
21, Army Component
Force
g.
Within
the 
Army
**
*
of
maneuver
ashore.
When
employed
in
the
assault,
the
reinforced
infantry
division
task
organization
will
typically
provide 
for assault
battalion
landing
teams,
a
division 
artillery
grouping,
a 
division
reserve
grouping,
a 
division
shore
party
grouping,
and
a 
division
combat
service 
support
group
ing.
The
reinforced
armored
division
may
be
employed 
as
an
as 
sault 
division.
h.
The
assault
landing team
is
the
basic
subordinate
task 
organization
of
the
assault 
echelon
of 
a
landing
force.
It
is
normally designated
by
prefixal
words reflecting
thetype
and
echelon 
of
thetactical
unit 
around
which
thetactical
grouping
is
formed,
e.g.,
brigade landing team 
(Bde
LT)
and
battalion
landing team
(BLT).
For
reference
purposes,
an
assault
landing
team
may
be
further
identified
according
to
the
type
means to 
be 
used
for
ship-to-shore
movement,
e.g.,
Bde
LT(S)
when
using 
surface
movement
means 
(landing
craft
and
amphibious 
vehicles)
and
Bde
LT(A)
when
using
air
movement
means
(helicopters).
2 
AGO
9260B
WWW.SURVIVALEBOOKS.COM

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