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Chapter 3 ERP Modules

Chapter 3 ERP Modules



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Published by saudgazali

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Published by: saudgazali on Aug 31, 2009
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ERP Modules
ERP Modules
Figure 12.1Figure 12.1
ERP’s Central Database
ERP’s Central Database
Finance &AccountingSales&MarketingHumanResourcesProduction &MaterialsManagementERP DataRepository
Figure 12.2Figure 12.2
All ERP packages contain many modules. The number and features of the modules varywith the ERP packages. Some of the most common modules available in almost all packages are:
1. Finance2. Plant Maintenance3. Quality Management4. Material Management, etc5. Inventory Management6. Manufacturing and production planning7. Sales and distribution
Some packages will have a subset of this and some will have more modules and / or features.
The entire concept of information technology is based on the premise that providing theright information, to the right people, at the right time can make a critical difference tothe organization. Much of this key information could be taken from the financial data.But merely having the financial data is not enough.You need a set of processes and views of your data that provided up-to-the minutefinancial information in exactly the form you need it to make that critical difference andhelp with that critical decision.Accounting software needs access to information in each area of organization, from R&Dand market research through manufacturing, distribution and sales. Financial solutionmust provide the management with information that can be leveraged for strategicdecisions, in order to achieve comprehensive advantage.This section provides an overview of the financial solutions in most the ERP packages. Intoday’s business enterprise, you need to know that your financial decisions are based ontoday’s data, not numbers from records closed a month ago, or even a week ago.And you need to know that this same ‘today’s’ data represents every segment of your organization's activities, whether your enterprise stretches across a room or around theglobe. This is essential, because the most efficient way to get our enterprise to where youwant it tomorrow is to know exactly where it is today.What ever be the financial goals of the organization, the financial application componentsof the ERP solutions work hand-in-hand to improve the bottom line.This is true because the financial functioning is tightly integrated across all business areasand all geographic areas. This tight integration includes all the other different modules,from materials management to human recourses to logistics.

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