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Lecture Notes on Solid Wate Management

Lecture Notes on Solid Wate Management

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Published by: dsminet on Aug 31, 2009
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Lecture Notes onCourse Code: PCT 102.3 (Pollution Control Technologies)Solid and Hazardous Waste Pollution(M.Sc. /II Semester, SS 2009)
A.R. Tuladhar
M.E. (W. Germany)
Table of Contents1.Environment and Pollution
1.1Environment1.2Environment and Development1.3Environmental Pollution
2.Waste and Solid Waste Pollution
1.1Definition of Solid Waste1.2Solid Waste pollution1.3Environmental Pollution and Hazards of SW Mismanagement3.
Sources and Types of Solid Waste
2.1Sources of Solid Waste2.2Types of Solid Waste2.3 Sources vs. Types of Solid Waste4.
Composition of Solid Waste
3.1Composition of MSW in Industrialized Countries3.2Composition of MSW in Developing Countries3.3 Composition of MSW in Nepal
5.Trend in SW Generation
4.1Rate of MSW Generation4.2Variability of MSW Generation
6.Integrated Solid Waste Management
5.1Hierarchy of SWM5.2Concept of ISWM
7.Municipal Solid Waste Management
6.1Operational Management System6.2Operational Functions
8.Hazardous Waste Management
8.1Definitions of Hazardous Waste8.2 Sources/Types/Characteristics of hazardous Waste8.3Concerns on HWM8.4Problems of Developing Countries
9.Policy and Legislation for SWM in Nepal
9.1Background9.2Policy Initiatives
.3Legislative Measures
1.Environment and Pollution1.1Environment
A total system encompassing human beings and their surroundings. 
Natural Environment
 Sum of 
all surrounding natural conditions
affecting the life, development and survival of aliving being.
1.Physical Environmen-
all surrounding physical conditions of nature
such as air, water, land etc.
2.Biological Environmen-
all surrounding biological conditions of nature
related to flora and faunasuch as plants, animals, insects etc
Man-made Environment
Sum of 
all surrounding man-made conditions
affecting the development of our life, e.g. : -
 Built environment:
environment created by all structures built byman (e.g. roads, houses, buildingsbridges etc.) and related infrastructureservices.-
 Socio-cultural environment,-Socio-economic environmen

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