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Lights At Night

Lights At Night

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Published by Alexander Wunsch
Reference list resulting from keyword search: LAN, Lights at Night. / From Alexander Wunsch, using CITAVI.
Reference list resulting from keyword search: LAN, Lights at Night. / From Alexander Wunsch, using CITAVI.

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Published by: Alexander Wunsch on Aug 31, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/20/2014

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iLib08 - CitaviiLib08 - CitaviiLib08 - CitaviiLib08 - CitaviBlask, David E. (2008): Melatonin, sleep disturbance and cancer risk. In: Sleep medicine reviews. Onlineverfügbar unter doi:10.1016/j.smrv.2008.07.007. AbstractThe pineal hormone melatonin is involved in the circadian regulation and facilitationof sleep, the inhibition of cancer development and growth, and the enhancement of immune function. Individuals, such as night shift workers, who are exposed to lightat night on a regular basis experience biological rhythm (i.e., circadian) disruptionincluding circadian phase shifts, nocturnal melatonin suppression, and sleepdisturbances. Additionally, these individuals are not only immune suppressed, butthey are also at an increased risk of developing a number of different types of cancer. There is a reciprocal interaction and regulation between sleep and theimmune system quite independent of melatonin. Sleep disturbances can lead toimmune suppression and a shift to the predominance in cancer-stimulatorycytokines. Some studies suggest that a shortened duration of nocturnal sleep isassociated with a higher risk of breast cancer development. The relative individualcontributions of sleep disturbance, circadian disruption due to light at nightexposure, and related impairments of melatonin production and immune function tothe initiation and promotion of cancer in high-risk individuals such as night shiftworkers are unknown. The mutual reinforcement of interacting circadian rhythms of melatonin production, the sleep/wake cycle and immune function may indicate anew role for undisturbed, high quality sleep, and perhaps even more importantly,uninterrupted darkness, as a previously unappreciated endogenous mechanism of cancer prevention.Kakizaki, M.; Inoue, K.; Kuriyama, S.; Sone, T.; Matsuda-Ohmori, K.; Nakaya, N. et al. (2008): Sleep durationand the risk of prostate cancer: the Ohsaki Cohort Study. In: British journal of cancer, Jg. 99, H. 1, S. 176–178.Online verfügbar unter doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6604425. AbstractIn a prospective study of prostate cancer incidence (127 cases), among 22 320Japanese men, sleep duration was associated with lower risk; the multivariatehazard ratio of men who slept >or=9 h per day compared with those who slept lesswas 0.48 (95% confidence interval: 0.29-0.79, P for trend=0.02).Schlagwörter  Aged; Humans; Incidence; Japanepidemiology; Male; Middle Aged; ProspectiveStudies; Prostatic Neoplasmsepidemiologyetiology; Risk Factors; Sleep; TimeFactorsKakizaki, M.; Kuriyama, S.; Sone, T.; Ohmori-Matsuda, K.; Hozawa, A.; Nakaya, N. et al. (2008): Sleep durationand the risk of breast cancer: the Ohsaki Cohort Study. In: British journal of cancer, Jg. 99, H. 9, S. 1502–1505.Online verfügbar unter doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6604684. AbstractIn a prospective study of 23 995 Japanese women, short sleep duration wasassociated with higher risk of breast cancer (143 cases), compared with womenwho slept 7 h per day, the multivariate hazard ratio of those who slept </=6 h per day was 1.62 (95% confidence interval: 1.05-2.50; P for trend=0.03).Schlagwörter  Adult; Aged; Breast Neoplasmsetiology; Cohort Studies; Female; Humans;Melatoninphysiology; Middle Aged; Proportional Hazards Models; ProspectiveStudies; Risk; Sleep; Time FactorsKloog, Itai; Haim, Abraham; Stevens, Richard G.; Barchana, Micha; Portnov, Boris A. (2008): Light at night co-distributes with incident breast but not lung cancer in the female population of Israel. In: Chronobiologyinternational, Jg. 25, H. 1, S. 65–81. Online verfügbar unter doi:10.1080/07420520801921572. AbstractRecent studies of shift-working women have reported that excessive exposure tolight at night (LAN) may be a risk factor for breast cancer. However, no studies haveyet attempted to examine the co-distribution of LAN and breast cancer incidence ona population level with the goal to assess the coherence of these earlier findingswith population trends. Coherence is one of Hill's "criteria" (actually, viewpoints) for an inference of causality. Nighttime satellite images were used to estimate LANlevels in 147 communities in Israel. Multiple regression analysis was performed to

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