work in the big cities. Many times, actions by criminals are taken to be actions by urbanguerrillas.The urban guerrilla, however, differs radically from the criminal. The criminal benefitspersonally from his actions, and attacks indiscrimminately without distinguishing betweenthe exploiters and the exploited, which is why there are so many ordinary people among hisvictims. The urban guerrilla follows a political goal, and only attacks the government, thebig businesses and the foreign imperialists.Another element just as harmful to the guerrillas as the criminal, and also operating in theurban area, is the counterrevolutionary, who creates confusion, robs banks, throws bombs,kidnaps, assassinates, and commits the worst crimes imaginable against urban guerrillas,revolutionary priests, students, and citizens who oppose tyranny and seek liberty.The urban guerrilla is an implacable enemy of the regime, and systematically inflictsdamage on the authorities and on the people who dominate the country and exercise power.The primary task of the urban guerrilla is to distract, to wear down, to demoralize themilitary regime and its repressive forces, and also to attack and destroy the wealth andproperty of the foreign managers and the Brazilian upper class.The urban guerrilla is not afraid to dismantle and destroy the present Brazilian economic,political and social system, for his aim is to aid the rural guerrillas and to help in thecreation of a totally new and revolutionary social and political structure, with the armedpopulation in power.PERSONAL QUALITIES OF THE URBAN GUERRILLAThe urban guerrilla is characterized by his bravery and his decisive nature. He must be agood tactician, and a good marksman. The urban guerrilla must be a person of greatcleverness to compensate for the fact that he is not sufficiently strong in weapons,ammunition and equipment.The career military officers and the government police have modern weapons andtransport, and can go about anywhere freely, using the force of their own strength. Theurban guerrilla does not have such resources at his disposal, and leads a clandestineexistence. The guerrilla may be a convicted person or one who is out on parole, and mustthen use false documents.Nevertheless, the urban guerrilla has an advantage over the conventional military or thepolice. It is that, while the military and the police act on behalf of the enemy, whom thepeople hate, the urban guerrilla defends a just cause, which is the people's cause.The urban guerrilla's weapons are inferior to the enemy's, but from the moral point of view, the urban guerrilla has an undeniable superiority. This moral superiority is whatsustains the urban guerrilla. Thanks to it, the urban guerrilla can accomplish his principleduty, which is to attack and survive.The urban guerrilla has to capture or steal weapons from the enemy to be able to fight.Because his weapons are not uniform--since what he has are expropriated or have falleninto his hands in various ways--the urban guerrilla faces the problem of a variety of weapons and a shortage of ammunition. Moreover, he has no place in which to practiceshooting and marksmanship. These difficulties have to be overcome, forcing the urbanguerrillas to be imaginative and creative--qualities without which it would be impossiblefor him to carry out his role as a revolutionary.