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Glass

Glass

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Published by jossera

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Published by: jossera on Aug 31, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/15/2010

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GLASS AND CERAMICS
 Name of glassPropertiesChemical compositionUses
Fused glass
Very high softening point 
( 1700 ºC ) hence highly heat – resistant
Transparent to ultraviolet andinfrared light
Difficult to be made intodifferent shapes
Does not crack whentemperature changes ( verylow thermal expansioncoefficient )
Very resistant to chemicalreactions
 SiO
2
(99%)B
2
O
3
(1 %)Telescope mirrors,Lenses, optical fibresand laboratory glasswaresSoda lime glass
 Low softening point 
( 700ºC ) hence does notwithstand heating
Breaks easily
Cracks easily with suddentemperature changes
( highthermal coefficient of expansion )
Less resistant to chemicalreactions
Easy to make into differentshapes
 SiO
2
(70%)
 Na
2
O
(15%)
CaO
(10%)Others (5%)Bottles, window – panes,light bulbs, mirrors, flatglass, glass – plates and bowls. ( The most widelyused type glass)Borosilicate glass
Quite high softening point 
(800 ºC ) hence it is heat – resistant
 Does not crack easily with sudden change intemperature
Transparent to ultravioletlight
More resistant to chemicalreactions
Does not break easily
 SiO
2
(80%)
 B
2
O
3
 
(15%) Na
2
O (3%)AI
2
O
3
(1%)Laboratory apparatus,cooking utensils,electrical – tubes andglass pipelines.

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