ANNEX 1 UNITED NATIONS BODIES AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS WORKING ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
1. The United Nations and Sustainable Local Development
Since 1972, the United Nations (UN) General Assembly has adopted multiple resolutions on sustainable development (SD), creating a distinct policy framework and specialized bodies responsible for promoting sustainable development worldwide. In 2011, Sustainable Energy for All was added to this body of resolu-tions (full database can be found here: https://rio20.un.org/resolutions-more). The formulation of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2001 combined all sectors and even mentions environmental sustainability explicitly as one of its goals. While the MDGs primarily target na-tional governments, international organizations, civil society and the private sector, the importance of and chance to include local governments into the realization process was acknowledged. The following ﬁgure illustrates the most important milestones in the development of UN principles and strategies for sustainable development starting in 1972 to the most recent events at the Rio +20 conference in 2012.
FIGURE 1: MILESTONES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PRINCIPLES
asserted conser-vation cannot be without develop-ment.
launches Agenda 21.At the
Conference a high-level political forum for SD will replace the CSD. The General As-semply dedicates its 19th Special Session (
) to de-sign a “Programme for the further Implemenation of Agenda 21”.
recog-nized the need to revitalize human-ity’s connection with nature.
Our Common Future
weaving together social, economic, cultural and environmental issues. The
renews the global com-mitment to SD by adopting the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI). The newly es-tablished
(CSD) will follow up on the implementa-tion of Agenda 21.Sustainable development in general, or separate elements contributing to it, has played a signiﬁcant part in the programming priorities of UN agencies. The non-exhaustive table below illustrates the programming priorities of various UN agencies in relation to sustainable development. The information herein is intended to help UNDP practitioners to delineate the boundaries of the cooperation with other UN agencies at re-gional and national levels.